Histidine-rich glycoprotein possesses antioxidant activity through self-oxidation and inhibition of hydroxyl radical production via chelating divalent metal ions in Fenton’s reaction

Published on Oct 6, 2020in Free Radical Research2.839
· DOI :10.1080/10715762.2020.1825703
Hidenori Wake17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Okayama University),
Yohei Takahashi2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Okayama University)
+ 5 AuthorsMasahiro Nishibori51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Okayama University)
Sources
Abstract
Sepsis is caused by infections associated with life-threatening multiple organ failure (MOF). Septic MOF appears to be closely related to circulatory failure due to immunothrombosis. This process i...
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Host infection by a micro-organism triggers systemic inflammation, innate immunity and complement pathways, but also haemostasis activation. The role of thrombin and fibrin generation in host defence is now recognised, and thrombin has become a partner for survival, while it was seen only as one of the “principal suspects” of multiple organ failure and death during septic shock. This review is first focused on pathophysiology. The role of contact activation system, polyphosphates and neutrophil ...
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The apoptotic process of erythrocytes is known as eryptosis, and is characterized by phosphatidylserine (PS) expression on the outer membrane. PS-positive erythrocytes are increased in sepsis, and PS is believed to facilitate coagulation of erythrocytes and activate macrophages. However, the relationship between eryptosis and abnormal coagulation in sepsis is still not fully understood.
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: The serum protein histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG) has been implicated in tissue injury and tumour growth. Several HRG functions are regulated by the divalent metal Zn2+ , including ligand binding and proteolytic processing that releases active HRG fragments. Although HRG can bind divalent metals other than Zn2+ , the impact of these divalent metals on the biophysical properties of HRG remains poorly understood. We now show that HRG binds Zn2+ , Ni2+ , Cu2+ and Co2+ with micromolar affinities...
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Introduction. Septic shock is a systemic inflammatory response syndrome associated with organ failures. Earlier clinical diagnosis would be of benefit to a decrease in the mortality rate. However, there is currently a lack of predictive biomarkers. The secretome is the set of proteins secreted by a cell, tissue, or organism at a given time and under certain conditions. The plasma secretome is easily accessible from biological fluids and represents a good opportunity to discover new biomarkers th...
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Septic shock is a systemic inflammatory response syndrome associated with circulatory failure leading to organ failure with a 40% mortality rate. Early diagnosis and prognosis of septic shock are necessary for specific and timely treatment. However, no predictive biomarker is available. In recent years, improvements in proteomics-based mass spectrometry have improved the detection of such biomarkers. This approach can be performed on different samples such as tissue or biological fluids. Working...
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