Beyond the Light under the Lamppost: New Chemical Candidates for Biomonitoring in Young Children

Published on Aug 31, 2020in Environmental Health Perspectives9.031
· DOI :10.1289/EHP6902
Nate Seltenrich12
Estimated H-index: 12
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Abstract
References7
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#1Zhanyun Wang (ETH Zurich)H-Index: 24
#2Glen W. Walker (General Post Office)H-Index: 3
Last. Kakuko Nagatani-Yoshida (United Nations Environment Programme)H-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
Chemicals, while bringing benefits to society, may be released during their lifecycles and possibly cause harm to humans and ecosystems. Chemical pollution has been mentioned as one of the planetary boundaries within which humanity can safely operate, but is not comprehensively understood. Here, 22 chemical inventories from 19 countries and regions are analyzed to achieve a first comprehensive overview of chemicals on the market as an essential first step toward a global understanding of chemica...
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#8Yeyi Zhu (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 21
Background: The National Institutes of Health’s Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) initiative aims to understand the impact of environmental factors on childhood disease. Over...
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#1Matthew W. Gillman (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 139
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#1Deanna P. ScherH-Index: 2
#2James KellyH-Index: 2
Last. Rita B. MessingH-Index: 6
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Abstract The decades-long disposal of manufacturing waste containing perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in landfills resulted in contamination of groundwater serving as the drinking water supply for the eastern Twin Cities metropolitan region. While measures were taken to reduce the levels of PFAS in the drinking water, questions remained about possible non-drinking water pathways of exposure in these communities. The Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) investigated whether PFAS in water used for...
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#1Paula I. Johnson (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 10
#2Heather M. Stapleton (Duke University)H-Index: 82
Last. John D. Meeker (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 75
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Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are used in the manufacture of a variety of materials and consumer products in order to meet fire safety standards. BFRs may persist in the environment and have been detected in wildlife, humans and indoor dust and air. Some BFRs have demonstrated endocrine and reproductive effects in animals, but human studies are limited. In this exploratory study, we measured serum hormone levels and flame retardant concentrations [31 polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) con...
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#1Raquel Chamorro-Garcia (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 9
#2Séverine KirchnerH-Index: 2
Last. Bruce Blumberg (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 81
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Background: Bisphenol A (BPA) and bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE), used in manufacturing coatings and resins, leach from packaging materials into food. Numerous studies suggested that BPA and BADGE may have adverse effects on human health, including the possibility that exposure to such chemicals can be superimposed on traditional risk factors to initiate or exacerbate the development of obesity. BPA is a suspected obesogen, whereas BADGE, described as a peroxisome proliferator–activated re...
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#1Manori J. Silva (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 57
#2Dana B. BarrH-Index: 105
Last. Antonia M. CalafatH-Index: 132
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We measured the urinary monoester metabolites of seven commonly used phthalates in approximately 2,540 samples collected from participants of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2000, who were greater than or equal to 6 years of age. We found detectable levels of metabolites monoethyl phthalate (MEP), monobutyl phthalate (MBP), monobenzyl phthalate (MBzP), and mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP) in > 75% of the samples, suggesting widespread exposure in the Unite...
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Municipal solid waste (MSW) can pose a threat to public health if it is not safely managed. Despite prior research, uncertainties remain and refurbished evidence is needed along with new approaches. We conducted a systematic review of recently published literature to update and expand the epidemiological evidence on the association between MSW management practices and resident populations’ health risks. Studies published from January 2005 to January 2020 were searched and reviewed following PRIS...
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