Prognostic factors of cytomegalovirus retinitis after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Published on Sep 2, 2020in PLOS ONE2.74
· DOI :10.1371/JOURNAL.PONE.0238257
Joo Young Kim4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Catholic University of Korea),
Joo Young Kim27
Estimated H-index: 27
(Catholic University of Korea)
+ 7 AuthorsYoung-Hoon Park13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Catholic University of Korea)
Sources
Abstract
Purpose To identify the visual prognostic factors in patients with cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methods This retrospective cohort study included 4241 patients who underwent HSCT from April 1, 2010 to March 31, 2019 at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital. Of them, 1063 patients presented CMV viremia, and 67 patients (93 eyes) were diagnosed with CMV retinitis. We enrolled 66 patients (91 eyes). The main outcomes included the initial best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), BCVA at the diagnosis of retinitis and last visit, involved retinal zone, peak CMV DNA levels in the peripheral blood and aqueous humor, time between HSCT and the diagnosis of retinitis, time between the diagnosis of viremia and retinitis, complications, recurrence, survival, and so on. Results The mean BCVA (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution) values before HSCT, at the time of retinitis diagnosis, and at the last visit were 0.041 ± 0.076, 0.262 ± 0.529, and 0.309 ± 0.547, respectively. Multiple regression analysis revealed that the involved zone (P = 0.001), time between HSCT and retinitis diagnosis (P = 0.019), and survival status (P = 0.001) were associated with the final visual acuity. Conclusions The final visual prognosis was worse in patients with greater invasion of the central retinal zone, those with a longer interval between HSCT and the diagnosis of retinitis, and those who died. Prompt diagnosis of CMV retinitis through periodic fundus examinations of patients with CMV viremia can prevent severe vision loss. Once CMV viremia is confirmed, we recommend fundus examinations to be immediately performed and repeated every 2 weeks for at least 2 months, even if the CMV DNA titer in the peripheral blood becomes negative.
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This study investigated the epidemiological characteristics of cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR) after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We studied a cohort of 1466 consecutive patients who had undergone haploidentical HSCT between 2013 and 2017. We documented 34 episodes of CMVR in 31 patients, with a median onset of 167 days after the transplant. The cumulative incidence of CMVR was 2.3% 1 year after the transplant. Multivariate analysis suggested that platelet engr...
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Last. Francisco Javier Jaramillo (ICESI University)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Objective Cytomegalovirus infection and disease are significant causes of morbidity and mortality among patients with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of cytomegalovirus infection and characterize the patients who developed the disease. Methods A retrospective cohort study was performed among adult patients, recipients of allogeneic HSTC between 2008 and 2015. Taking into account the institutional protocol of prophylaxis infectio...
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Purpose: To evaluate risk factors for severity of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis lesion whitening (opacity), using a standardized scoring system. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional, observational investigation of all individuals with newly diagnosed AIDS-related CMV retinitis in three randomized clinical trials and one prospective observational study. Opacity was scored by masked readers, using a prospectively defined ordinal 6-point scale. Demographic factors, laboratory data (CD4+, CD8+ ...
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Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection does not usually produce symptoms when it causes primary infection, reinfection, or reactivation because these three types of infection are all controlled by the normal immune system. However, CMV becomes an important pathogen in individuals whose immune system is immature or compromised, such as the unborn child. Several vaccines against CMV are currently in clinical trials that aim to induce immunity in seronegative individuals and/or to boost the immunity of th...
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목적: 거대세포바이러스(Cytomegalovirus [CMV])는 정상 면역을 가진 사람에서는 대부분 불현성 감염이지만, 면역저하자 또는 태아의 선천 감염의 경우 위중한 합병증을 유발한다. 본 연구는 21년 동안의 시기 및 연령에 따른 CMV 항체 양성률을 조사하였다. 방법: 1995년 1월부터 2015년 12월까지 성균관대학교 의과대학, 삼성서울병원에서 CMV immunoglobulin G (IgG) 검사를 시행한 환자를 대상으로 하였다. 검사 결과는 성별, 연령별, 전국 지역별로 분석하였고, 두 시기에 따른 (1995-2005년; 1기, 2006-2015년; 2기) 항체 양성률의 변화를 분석하였다. 결과: 총 11,584명의 환자 중 CMV IgG 양성결과를 보인 총 환자는 10,900명 (94.1%)이었다. 전체 환자에서 두 시기에 따른 CMV 양성률의 차이는 없었다 (94.2% vs. 94.1%) (P=0.86). 10년 간격으로 비교를 했을 때 다른 연령군은 유의하지 않았으...
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Abstract Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a ubiquitous DNA herpes virus that causes significant morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised individuals. CMV retinitis is a potentially blinding manifestation of CMV infection that was commonly seen in advanced acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the era before modern combination antiretroviral therapy era, but is also recognized in patients with immune deficiency from multiple causes. The advent of and advances in antiretroviral therapies for hu...
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#1Sohee Jeon (Catholic University of Korea)H-Index: 14
#2Won Ki Lee (Catholic University of Korea)H-Index: 24
AbstractPurpose: To examine the clinical outcomes achieved by using intravitreal ganciclovir injections combined with systemic anti-viral therapy in treating cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in patients without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.Methods: Twenty-three eyes of 15 HIV-negative patients diagnosed with CMV retinitis were included in this retrospective study.Results: The median follow-up was 68 weeks (range, 12–156), and median number of injections was 10 (range, 2–22). The r...
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