Interactive Impacts from Hepatitis C Virus Infection and Mixed Cryoglobulinemia on Complement Levels

Published on Jul 1, 2021in Digestive Diseases and Sciences3.199
路 DOI :10.1007/S10620-020-06507-9
Ming-Ling Chang13
Estimated H-index: 13
(CGU: Chang Gung University),
Jing-Hong Hu4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Memorial Hospital of South Bend)
+ 4 AuthorsRong-Nan Chien21
Estimated H-index: 21
(CGU: Chang Gung University)
How hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and mixed cryoglobulinemia interactively affect complement levels remains elusive, and we aimed to elucidate it. A prospective cohort study of 678 consecutive chronic HCV-infected (CHC) patients was conducted. Of 678, 438 had completed a course of anti-HCV therapy and 362 had achieved a sustained virological response (SVR). The baseline and 24-week post-therapy variables including complement levels and mixed cryoglobulinemia status were surveyed. At baseline, lower complement component 3 (C3) and component 4 (C4) levels were noted in patients with than those without mixed cryoglobulinemia. The differences between pre-therapy (in 678 CHC patients) and 24-week post-therapy (in 362 SVR patients) factors associated with C3 levels were interferon 位3 (IFNL3) genotype, triglycerides, cirrhosis, and estimated glomerular filtration rate; the different associations with C4 levels were cirrhosis, sex and high sensitivity C-reactive protein. Compared with baseline, SVR patients without pre- and post-therapy mixed cryoglobulinemia had increased C3 levels, and SVR patients with pre-therapy mixed cryoglobulinemia had increased C4 levels. Lower C3 levels were noted in SVR patients with than those without post-therapy mixed cryoglobulinemia. HCV might affect C3 levels through IFNL3 genotype, triglycerides, cirrhosis, and renal function; and affect C4 with a link to sex, inflammation, and cirrhosis. That C3 levels decreased in CHC patients without mixed cryoglobulinemia or in SVR patients with post-therapy mixed cryoglobulinemia, and C4 levels decreased in CHC patients with mixed cryoglobulinemia, suggested that mixed cryoglobulinemia and HCV infection antagonistically and synergistically decrease C3 and C4 levels, respectively.
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