Surgical Outcomes of Patients with Intermittent Exotropia Exhibiting High Hyperopia and Emmetropia

Published on Jun 15, 2020in Journal of The Korean Ophthalmological Society
· DOI :10.3341/JKOS.2020.61.6.658
Wonyung Son , Donghun Lee3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 1 AuthorsMyung Mi Kim8
Estimated H-index: 8
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To analyze the surgical and sensory outcomes of intermittent exotropia according to refractive errors and the factors associated with surgical success. A total of 326 children were divided into three groups according to preoperative refractive error; hyperopic eyes with SE ≥+2D (hyperopic group), eyes with SE between −1D and +2D (emmetropic group), and myopic eyes with SE ≤−1D (myopic group). The surgical outcomes and the sensory outcomes measured by near and distant stereoacuity were compared a...
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Abstract Purpose To investigate changes in refractive error following horizontal muscle surgery and to analyze the relationship between these changes and axial length. Methods Patients with intermittent exotropia who underwent bilateral lateral rectus recession (LR group) or unilateral lateral rectus recession with medial rectus resection (RR group) were investigated prospectively. The patients were followed for at least 3 months postoperatively; refractive error, axial length, mean corneal asti...
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#1Ji Woong Chang (Inje University)H-Index: 2
Purpose The aims of the study were to develop guidelines for prescribing spectacles for patients with moderate to severe hyperopic amblyopia and to demonstrate how emmetropization progresses. Methods Children with hyperopic amblyopia who had a spherical equivalent of ≥ +4.0 diopters (D) or more were included, while those who had astigmatism of > 2.0 D or anisometropia of > 2.0 D were excluded. The patients were divided into a full correction group and an under-correction group according to the a...
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#1Tae Hwan Moon (CBNU: Chungbuk National University)H-Index: 3
#2Mi Young Choi (CBNU: Chungbuk National University)H-Index: 5
Results: The mean age at the initial visit was 5.4 years and at surgery was 7.3 years. The mean degree of hyperopia in the worse eye was 3.86 ± 1.35 D and the better eye 1.31 ± 1.19 D. Fourteen of the 27 patients had amblyopia. The degree of reduced hyperopia correction was 1.35 ± 1.06 D during the preoperative period. The initial angles of deviation were 26.8 ± 7.7 prism diopters (PD) at distance and 28.2 ± 8.9 PD at near. At postoperative 12 months, 19 of 27 patients (70.4%) achieved deviated ...
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#1Kim MkH-Index: 1
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Purpose: To evaluate and compare surgical outcomes with respect to refractive errors in strabismus surgery for the treatment of intermittent exotropia (IXT).The medical records of patients with IXT who were treated by one surgeon from January 2005 and June 2011 were reviewed. Three hundred and thirty-three IXT patients were included and divided into three groups according to preoperative refractive error: IXT with hyperopia (group I), IXT with emmetropia (group II), and IXT with myopia (group II...
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#1Young Do Yeo (KMU: Keimyung University)H-Index: 2
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Epidemiological studies provide information on the prevention, treatment, and minimization of the impact of diseases on society. In the past two decades, a wide range of epidemiologic studies in ophthalmology have provided important information on the pattern of visual impairment and the major eye diseases that cause such vision loss [1]. Although several epidemiological studies of several age-related eye diseases (e.g., glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, and cataract) have been conduct...
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Correction to: Eye (2011) 25, 449–454; doi:10.1038/eye.2011.12; published online 11 February 2011
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#1Iris S. Kassem (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 6
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Purpose To describe the clinical characteristics, treatment, and subsequent clinical course of children with exotropia and high hyperopia. Methods The medical records of 26 patients seen between 1990 and 2009 who had an exotropia and ≥4.00 D of hyperopia were retrospectively reviewed. We analyzed the clinical characteristics, treatments, and subsequent alignment outcomes. Results A total of 26 patients between the ages of 2.5 months and 9 years were included. Of these, 15 had associated medical ...
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#1Jeffrey D. Colburn (VUMC: Vanderbilt University Medical Center)H-Index: 1
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Purpose Early childhood hypermetropia is an important risk factor for the development of amblyopia and esotropia. Understanding the natural history of these complications aids in management decisions. Methods A retrospective observational review was undertaken of 149 patients referred from a preschool photoscreening program who were determined to have hypermetropia of ≥+3.75 D spherical equivalent on criterion standard examination and were treated/followed by one group of academic pediatric opht...
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