Host cell proteins induce inflammation and immunogenicity as adjuvants in an integrated analysis of in vivo and in vitro assay systems.

Published on May 1, 2020in Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods2.252
· DOI :10.1016/J.VASCN.2020.106694
Kyohei Yasuno1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Daiichi Sankyo),
Eri Hamamura-Yasuno1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Daiichi Sankyo)
+ 4 AuthorsKazuhiko Mori9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Daiichi Sankyo)
INTRODUCTION: Host cell proteins (HCPs) are contaminated proteins remaining after purification of biopharmaceuticals. Recent reports revealed clinical implications of HCPs in anti-drug antibody (ADA) development in patients without any inflammatory effects. Therefore, we evaluated the inflammatory effects and immunogenicity of HCPs in an in vivo study by intravitreal administration to rabbits and an in vitro THP-1 cells assay. METHODS: Escherichia coli-derived HCPs at 200 ng/eye with or without ranibizumab at 0.25 mg/eye were administrated intravitreally to rabbits. For in vitro examination, differentiated THP-1 cells were stimulated with HCPs at 0.17 to 10.88 mug/mL with or without ranibizumab at 0.2 mg/mL. RESULTS: Co-administration of HCPs with ranibizumab, but not HCPs alone, induced ocular inflammation. Presence of ADA (anti-ranibizumab) was detected in the vitreous fluid of rabbits in which HCPs and ranibizumab were co-administered. HCPs increased cytokine release and upregulated cell surface markers involved in the antigen presentation in the THP-1 cell assay, which was enhanced by co-stimulation with ranibizumab. DISCUSSION: These finding suggests that HCPs may induce inflammation and immunogenicity as an adjuvant. Furthermore, integrated analyses by an in vivo rabbit model and in vitro assay system using THP-1 cells would be useful to evaluate the immunological risk of HCPs.
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