Aberrant DNA and histone methylation during zygotic genome activation in goat cloned embryos
Published on May 1, 2020in Theriogenology2.094
· DOI :10.1016/J.THERIOGENOLOGY.2020.02.036
Abstract In somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos, developmental defects first appear at the time of zygotic genome activation (ZGA), a process that is under the control of DNA and histone methylation. However, dynamics of 5-mC and 5-hmC during ZGA differ between porcine and bovine SCNT embryos, and histone methylation during ZGA in goat SCNT embryos remains poorly understood. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the dynamic changes of 5-mC, 5-hmC, H3K4me2/3, and H3K9me3, as well as the expression of key genes related to these epigenetic modifications, during ZGA in goat cloned embryos. Compared with the IVF embryos, the 5-mC signal intensity was significantly increased at the 2- and 4-cell stage SCNT embryos, and the H3K4me3 and H3K9me3 signal intensity was significantly increased at 2- to 8-cell stage SCNT embryos, while the 5-hmC and H3K4me2 signal intensity was significantly lower at the 4- and 8-cell stage SCNT embryos. Of note, the H3K9me3 level was also significantly higher, whereas H3K4me3 signal intensity showed no statistical difference in the pronuclear stage SCNT embryos. Moreover, the expression of TET2, DNMT3B, KDM4A, SUV39H1, G9A, and SETDB1 was significantly increased, while the expression of UHRF1, PCNA, KDM4B, KDM4D, KDM5A, KDM5B, and KDM5C was significantly decreased at the 8-cell stage SCNT embryos. Our data revealed aberrant DNA and histone methylation during ZGA in goat cloned embryos. We further inferred that the abnormally higher level of 5-mC, H3K4me3, and H3K9me3 might serve as epigenetic barriers of the reprogramming and modifying these aberrant modifications might be a promising strategy to improve cloning efficiency in goat.