Effectiveness of antimicrobial-coated sutures for the prevention of surgical site infection: a review of the literature.
Published on Sep 1, 2018in European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences3.024
· DOI :10.26355/EURREV_201809_15841
OBJECTIVE: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the third most common hospital-acquired infections and account for 14% to 16% of all such infections, and suture material may play a role in SSI rate. Given this risk of infection, sutures with antimicrobial activity have been developed. Both in vitro and in vivo experiments have shown that triclosan-coated sutures (TCS) are effective in the prevention of SSIs. Our aim is to analyze currently available RCTs, comparing the effect of antimicrobial-coated suture (ACS) with uncoated suture on the occurrence of SSIs following surgical procedures, we highlighted major contributions of most significant studies and evaluate the current "state of the art" on antimicrobial-coated sutures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 15 RCTs comparing antimicrobial-coated sutures with conventional sutures and assessing the clinical effectiveness of antimicrobial sutures to decrease the risk for SSIs. We focused our attention on each variable in all the analyzed study. RESULTS: Our selected RCTs, produced controversial results: 7 RCTs demonstrated a significant benefit, on the contrary, 8 RCTs presented a comparison in which there was no difference. CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of our selected trial results and the heterogeneous findings of our 7 selected meta-analyses, we conclude that even though the question of whether TCSs could reduce the occurrence of SSI remains still open, the antimicrobial suture was effective in decreasing the risk for postoperative SSIs in a broad population of patients undergoing surgery. Alternative substances are becoming clinically relevant, such as Chlorhexidine (CHX) coated sutures and only 6 in vivo scientific studies evaluated them. In vivo studies, large and comparative clinical research trials are necessary to validate the efficacy of CHX-coated sutures thus allowing their use in clinical practice.