Impact of pulmonary endarterectomy on pulmonary arterial wave propagation and reservoir function

Published on Sep 1, 2019in American Journal of Physiology-heart and Circulatory Physiology3.864
· DOI :10.1152/AJPHEART.00181.2019
Junjing Su4
Estimated H-index: 4
(AU: Aarhus University),
Alun D. Hughes5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UCL: University College London)
+ 4 AuthorsSøren Mellemkjær16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Aarhus University Hospital)
Sources
Abstract
We performed wave intensity analysis in the pulmonary artery in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension before and 3 mo after pulmonary endarterectomy. Despite substantial reduc...
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BackgroundIn contrast to systemic hypertension, the significance of arterial waves in pulmonary hypertension (PH) is not well understood. We hypothesized that arterial wave energy and wave reflecti...
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Key points Wave travel plays an important role in cardiovascular physiology. However, many aspects of pulmonary arterial wave behaviour remain unclear. Wave intensity and reservoir-excess pressure analyses were applied in the pulmonary artery in subjects with and without pulmonary hypertension during spontaneous respiration and dynamic stress tests. Arterial wave energy decreased during expiration and Valsalva manoeuvre due to decreased ventricular preload. Wave energy also decreased during hand...
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This paper aims to summarize and map contemporary views on some contentious aspects of arterial hemodynamics that have remained unresolved despite years of research. These were discussed during a workshop entitled Arterial hemodynamics: past, present and future held in London on June 14 and 15, 2016. To do this we formulated a list of potential consensus statements informed by discussion at the meeting in London and quantified the degree of agreement and invited comments from the participants of...
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The reservoir-wave approach is a hemodynamic paradigm that has gained increasing attention since its introduction in 2003. This study is the first translational application of the reservoir-wave approach to the human pulmonary circulation. We describe a novel assessment of right ventricular performance that may better characterize patients with pulmonary hypertension. Further, we relate pathological backward waves to previously described aberrations in Doppler flow-velocity images.
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Mean pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) remain the most common haemodynamic measures to evaluate the severity and prognosis of pulmonary hypertension. However, PVR only captures the non-oscillatory component of the right ventricular hydraulic load and neglects the dynamic compliance of the pulmonary arteries and the contribution of wave transmission. Wave intensity analysis offers an alternative way to assess the pulmonary vasculature in health and disease. Wave ...
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Background —Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), a rare complication of acute pulmonary embolism, is characterized by fibro-thrombotic obstructions of large pulmonary arteries combined with small vessel arteriopathy. It can be cured by pulmonary endarterectomy, and can be clinically improved by medical therapy in inoperable patients. A European registry was set up in 27 centers to evaluate long-term outcome and outcome correlates in 2 distinct populations of operated and not-op...
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Right ventricular adaptation to the increased pulmonary arterial load is a key determinant of outcomes in pulmonary hypertension (PH). Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and total arterial compliance (C) quantify resistive and elastic properties of pulmonary arteries that modulate the steady and pulsatile components of pulmonary arterial load, respectively. PVR is commonly calculated as transpulmonary pressure gradient over pulmonary flow and total arterial compliance as stroke volume over pulm...
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Pulmonary wave reflections are a potential hemodynamic biomarker for pulmonary hypertension (PH) and can be analyzed using wave intensity analysis (WIA). In this study we used pulmonary vessel area and flow obtained using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) to implement WIA noninvasively. We hypothesized that this method could detect differences in reflections in PH patients compared with healthy controls and could also differentiate certain PH subtypes. Twenty patients with PH (35% CTEPH and 75% f...
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Pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) is the treatment of choice to relieve pulmonary artery obstruction in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). It is a complex surgical procedure with a simple principle: removal of obstructive thromboembolic material from the pulmonary arteries in order to reduce pulmonary vascular resistance, relieve pulmonary hypertension (PH) and alleviate right ventricular dysfunction. In the majority of patients there is symptomatic and prognostic ...
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AbstractCompliance (C) and resistance (R) maintain a unique, inverse relationship in the pulmonary circulation, resulting in a constant characteristic time that has been observed in healthy subjects as well as patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, little is known about the dependence of right ventricular (RV) function on the coupled changes in R and C in the context of this inverse relationship. We hypothesized three simple dependencies of RV ejection fraction (RVEF) on R...
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Abstract null null Background null Right ventricular (RV) coupling to the pulmonary circulation influences the response of the RV to the increased afterload caused by pulmonary hypertension (PH), which ultimately determines prognosis. A methodology that accounts for pulsatile flow is required when assessing ventriculo-arterial coupling. We applied wave intensity analysis (WIA) methods to assess the compliance of the main pulmonary artery (PA) in patients with or without PH and compared this to P...
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The parameters derived from reservoir-excess pressure analysis have prognostic utility in several populations. However, evidence in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) remains scarce. We determined if these parameters were associated with T2DM and whether they would predict cardiovascular events in individuals with T2DM. We studied 306 people with T2DM with cardiovascular disease (CVD; DMCVD, 70.4±7.8 years), 348 people with T2DM but without CVD (diabetes mellitus, 67.7±8.4 years), and 178 people without T2D...
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BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and compliance are comparable in proximal and distal chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). However, proximal CTEPH is associated with inferior right ventricular (RV) adaptation. Early wave reflection in proximal CTEPH may be responsible for altered RV function. The aims of the study are 1) investigate whether reflected pressure returns sooner in proximal than in distal CTEPH, and 2) elucidate whether timing of reflected pressure is...
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Chronic thromboembolic disease diagnosed following acute pulmonary embolism warrants refinement of its definition and further evaluation of optimal anticoagulation strategieshttp://bit.ly/38SQXc0
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