A GPX4-dependent cancer cell state underlies the clear-cell morphology and confers sensitivity to ferroptosis.

Published on Apr 8, 2019in Nature Communications12.121
· DOI :10.1038/S41467-019-09277-9
Yilong Zou18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Broad Institute),
Michael J. Palte7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Broad Institute)
+ 17 AuthorsStuart L. Schreiber141
Estimated H-index: 141
(Broad Institute)
Sources
Abstract
Clear-cell carcinomas (CCCs) are a histological group of highly aggressive malignancies commonly originating in the kidney and ovary. CCCs are distinguished by aberrant lipid and glycogen accumulation and are refractory to a broad range of anti-cancer therapies. Here we identify an intrinsic vulnerability to ferroptosis associated with the unique metabolic state in CCCs. This vulnerability transcends lineage and genetic landscape, and can be exploited by inhibiting glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) with small-molecules. Using CRISPR screening and lipidomic profiling, we identify the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) pathway as a driver of this vulnerability. In renal CCCs, HIF-2α selectively enriches polyunsaturated lipids, the rate-limiting substrates for lipid peroxidation, by activating the expression of hypoxia-inducible, lipid droplet-associated protein (HILPDA). Our study suggests targeting GPX4 as a therapeutic opportunity in CCCs, and highlights that therapeutic approaches can be identified on the basis of cell states manifested by morphological and metabolic features in hard-to-treat cancers. Clear-cell carcinomas are aggressive tumours characterised by high accumulation of lipids and glycogen. Here, the authors report that these cancers have a common vulnerability to GPX4 inhibition-induced ferroptosis and using CRISPR screen and lipodomic profiling, they identify HIF-2α- HILPDA axis promotes ferroptosis via enrichment of PUFA lipids.
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