A Courier Service with Electric Bicycles in an Urban Area: The Case in Seoul

Published on Feb 1, 2019in Sustainability3.251
· DOI :10.3390/SU11051255
Keyju Lee2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Junjae Chae12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Jinwoo Kim1
Estimated H-index: 1
Sources
Abstract
Various factors must be considered when running a courier service in an urban area, because the infrastructure of a city differs from those in suburban or countryside areas. Of note, population density is higher, and vehicles encounter greater restrictions. Moreover, air pollution from fossil fuel combustion is more severe. As tailpipe emissions are becoming costly to both corporations and the environment, researchers are increasingly exploring more appealing transportation options. Electric bicycles have become an important mode of transportation in some countries in the past decade. Electric bicycles and automobiles have their respective merits and demerits when used to provide courier services. E-bikes in particular can ply their trade in densely packed areas that are off-limits to cars and trucks. This paper focuses on (1) developing a truck–bike mixture model to reduce operating costs for an existing truck-only service by replacing some of the trucks with bicycles, and (2) exploring the resulting effects in terms of reducing overall carbon emissions. Data from one of the major courier companies in South Korea were utilized. The problem was tackled as a heterogeneous fleet vehicle routing problem using simulated annealing because the actual size of the problem cannot be solved directly with a mathematical approach. The most effective fleet mix was found for the company’s case. Effects on operating costs and reduced emissions were analyzed for 15 different scenarios with varying demands and off-limits areas. Computational results revealed that the new model is viable from economic and sustainability standpoints. They indicated that costs decrease to varying degrees in all scenarios, and that carbon emissions also decrease by around 10% regardless of the selected scenario.
Figures & Tables
Download
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
2013
2013
References46
Newest
Energy efficiency and environmental issues have been largely neglected in logistics. In a traditional supply chain, the objective of improving energy efficiency is targeted at the level of single parts of the value making chain. Industry 4.0 technologies make it possible to build hyperconnected logistic solutions, where the objective of decreasing energy consumption and economic footprint is targeted at the global level. The problems of energy efficiency are especially relevant in first mile and...
Source
#1Luigi RanieriH-Index: 9
#2Salvatore DigiesiH-Index: 15
Last. Michele RoccotelliH-Index: 11
view all 4 authors...
In this paper, a review of the recent scientific literature contributions on innovative strategies for last mile logistics, focusing on externalities cost reduction, is presented. Transport is causing problems in urban areas, in particular in freight transport: modern cities need solutions to reduce externalities costs such as congestion, pollution and others, which have increased in the last few years, especially due to the growth of goods delivery. Online sales and globalization lead to new tr...
Source
#1Alison Conway (CCNY: City College of New York)H-Index: 12
#2Jialei Cheng (CCNY: City College of New York)H-Index: 5
Last. Dan Wan (CCNY: City College of New York)H-Index: 5
view all 4 authors...
Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the operating performance of human-powered cargo cycles compared to motorized delivery vehicles for local delivery in Manhattan, New York City (NYC) in the United States of America (USA). While many recent studies have more broadly examined cost and impact tradeoffs in the use of cargo cycles for last-mile parcel delivery, the primary focus of this study was to understand how human-powered cargo cycle moving and parking behaviors differ from those of motoriz...
Source
#1Christian Rudolph (DLR: German Aerospace Center)H-Index: 6
#2Johannes Gruber (Humboldt University of Berlin)H-Index: 7
Abstract Cargo cycles can play a significant role in supplying urban centers, helping to decrease harmful commercial transport externalities. Some companies have already carried out initial pilot schemes using cargo cycles in order to assess technologically and economically feasible use cases. However, a structural overview of the relevant market segments for commercial cargo cycle use and suitable recommendations is lacking. This paper provides results from an extensive empirical survey, based ...
Source
#1Kris Braekers (Research Foundation - Flanders)H-Index: 18
#2Katrien Ramaekers (University of Hasselt)H-Index: 15
Last. Inneke Van Nieuwenhuyse (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 18
view all 3 authors...
Taxonomic review of vehicle routing literature published between 2009 and mid 2015.An adapted version of an existing comprehensive taxonomy is presented.277 VRP articles are classified based on problem characteristics and assumptions.The classification table allows researchers to quickly find relevant literature.Recent trends in VRP literature are discussed. Over the past decades, the Vehicle Routing Problem (VRP) and its variants have grown ever more popular in the academic literature. Yet, the...
Source
#1Michael Schier (DLR: German Aerospace Center)H-Index: 7
#2Björn Offermann (DLR: German Aerospace Center)H-Index: 1
Last. Johannes Gruber (DLR: German Aerospace Center)H-Index: 7
view all 7 authors...
With the requirements of European Commission’s White Book that demand emission-free city logistics in major urban areas until 2050, cargo bicycles may play a significant role for last mile deliveries. They require less space than vans and can be parked on the sidewalk. These electrically assisted bicycles, tricycles or quadracycles do not emit any local emissions and are capable to transport 50-250 kg of cargo. But, in topologically moved areas the capacity of conventional battery concepts const...
Source
#1Roberto Nocerino (Polytechnic University of Milan)H-Index: 5
#2Alberto Colorni (Polytechnic University of Milan)H-Index: 19
Last. Alessandro Luè (Polytechnic University of Milan)H-Index: 11
view all 4 authors...
The paper presents the final results of the Italian pilots of Pro-E-Bike, a project funded under the Intelligent Energy Europe programme, started on April 2013 and ending on March 2016 (www.pro-e-bike.org). The project promotes clean and energy efficient vehicles, analyses the performance of electric bicycles and electric scooters for the delivering of goods in urban areas and tests the use of these vehicles in seven European countries with thirty-nine companies, both freight transport operators...
Source
#1Carine Choubassi (Jacobs Engineering Group)H-Index: 2
#2Dan Seedah (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 6
Last. C Michael Walton (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 11
view all 4 authors...
Freight constitutes a large portion of urban daily traffic, contributing to emissions, noise, and safety concerns. Moreover, urban freight logistics are often hindered by the last mile, characterized by significant delays and high delivery costs. Firms in dense urban areas are therefore seeking more efficient and reliable modes for their last-mile services. One mode that has been gaining widespread interest is the cargo cycle. Current research on cargo cycles is limited; however, their success i...
Source
The transport of goods, particularly in urban areas, contributes to a problem that most of today's cities share: they are overcrowded by motorised traffic. City administrations are aware of the fact that solutions have to be found. The Cyclelogistics (2011-2014) and Cyclelogistics Ahead (2014-2017) projects (www.cyclelogistics.eu) offer a possible solution. They demonstrate the great potential for the reduction in energy consumption and pollutants caused by urban goods transport by shifting intr...
Source
#1Younghwan Park (Korea Aerospace University)H-Index: 1
#2Junjae Chae (Korea Aerospace University)H-Index: 12
Road transport is a major contributor to CO2 emission and considerable research has been done to reduce the emission through planning efficient vehicle routing since it became a concern for the environment. This paper provides a brief review of solution approaches used in green vehicle routing problems (G-VRP). Since the G-VRP has received recent attention and there are a couple of review papers that address, in general, a summary of the G-VRP, this paper will focus on solution approaches for pa...
Source
Cited By15
Newest
#1Carlos Llorca (TUM: Technische Universität München)H-Index: 12
#2Rolf Moeckel (TUM: Technische Universität München)H-Index: 15
The paper presents a simulation model for freight. In the paper, this model is applied to understand the impacts of electric vans and cargo bikes for the last-mile delivery of parcels. Cargo bikes are electrically assisted vehicles that distribute parcels from micro depots located close to the final customers by means of short tours. The parcels are sent from the major distribution center to micro depots in vans (called feeders). An agent-based model is used for the purpose of the paper. The mod...
Source
The impact of the use of cargo bicycles for delivery processes on the environment is undeniably positive: it leads to the reduction of pollutants, noise, and vibrations caused by traditional vehicles; decreases traffic jams; causes more effective use of public space; and others. But how should such an effect be measured? What tools should be used to justify the necessity for change to more sustainable means of transport? How can we improve the state of the environment considering the interests o...
Source
#1Giuseppe AielloH-Index: 14
#2Salvatore QuarantaH-Index: 1
Last. Rosalinda InguantaH-Index: 21
view all 4 authors...
The implementation of new forms of urban mobility is a fundamental challenge for improving the performance of city logistic systems in terms of efficiency and sustainability. For such purposes, the exploitation of electric vehicles is currently being investigated as an alternative to traditional internal combustion engines. In particular, the employment of lightweight electric cargo bikes is seen as an attractive possibility for designing improved city distribution systems. Such vehicles, howeve...
Source
Efficient vehicle routing is a major concern for any supply chain, especially when dealing with last-mile deliveries in highly urbanized areas. In this paper problems considering last-mile delivery in areas with the restrictions of motorized traffic are described and different types of cargo bikes are reviewed. The paper describes methods developed in order to solve a combination of problems for cargo bicycle logistics, including efficient packing, routing and load-dependent speed constraints. P...
Source
Source
Source
#1Jonas Schmid-QuergH-Index: 1
#2Andreas KelerH-Index: 6
Last. Georgios GrigoropoulosH-Index: 3
view all 3 authors...
This research addresses the phenomenon of varying bicycle friendliness in urban areas and considers which elements are necessary to design a city in a bike-friendly manner. It aims to provide a deeper understanding of the term bikeability, in relation to the established term walkability, and methods to create models that measure the degree of bikeability in urban areas. We explain different established models and compare their computational bases. The focus of this paper is to define a computati...
Source
#1Libor ŠvadlenkaH-Index: 7
#2Vladimir Simic (University of Belgrade)H-Index: 16
Last. Gordana TodorovicH-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
In light of the increasing importance of last-mile delivery (LMD) and the associated high costs, air pollution, and logistical challenges, research on sustainable LMD is highly trending and dynamic. The selection of sustainable LMD mode is an emerging problem for decision-makers in the logistics industry. The key question is how to determine the best LMD mode from a set of alternatives under numerous criteria with ambiguous, vague, and uncertain sustainability-related information. This paper aim...
Source
#1Carlos Llorca (TUM: Technische Universität München)H-Index: 12
#2Rolf Moeckel (TUM: Technische Universität München)H-Index: 15
The paper presents a model to estimate the demand of parcels by disaggregating nation-wide commodity flows. Secondly, the model generates parcel delivery tours to quantify transport-related effects. This model is applied to simulate parcel deliveries using cargo bikes. It consists of a two-step process: first, micro depots located close to the demand are fed with vans; second, parcels from micro depots to the customers are distributed by cargo bikes. The model simulates different shares of cargo...
Source
#1Junsu KimH-Index: 1
#2Hongbin MoonH-Index: 1
Last. Hosang JungH-Index: 15
view all 3 authors...
In general, the demand for delivery cannot be fulfilled efficiently due to the excessive traffic in dense urban areas. Therefore, many innovative concepts for intelligent transportation of freight have recently been developed. One of these concepts relies on dronebased parcel delivery using rooftops of city buildings. To apply drone logistics system in cities, the operation design should be adequately prepared. In this regard, a mixed integer programming model for drone operation planning and a ...
Source
This website uses cookies.
We use cookies to improve your online experience. By continuing to use our website we assume you agree to the placement of these cookies.
To learn more, you can find in our Privacy Policy.