Orexin A modulates prolactin production by regulating BMP-4 activity in rat pituitary lactotorope cells.

Published on Jun 30, 2019in Peptides2.843
· DOI :10.1016/J.PEPTIDES.2019.01.002
Satoshi Fujisawa3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Okayama University),
Motoshi Komatsubara5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Okayama University)
+ 5 AuthorsFumio Otsuka35
Estimated H-index: 35
(Okayama University)
Abstract The impact of orexins on anterior pituitary function has yet to be clarified. We studied the effects of orexin A and its interaction with the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) system on the regulatory role of prolactin synthesis using rat lactotrope GH3 cells expressing BMP-4. Orexin type 1 receptor (OX1R), but not type 2 receptor (OX2R), was predominantly expressed in GH3 cells. Orexin A suppressed forskolin-induced, but not basal, prolactin mRNA expression without reducing cAMP levels. Of note, orexin A suppressed BMP-4-induced prolactin mRNA and cAMP synthesis. Impairment of the effects of orexin by chemical inhibitors suggested involvement of the P38 pathway in the OX1R activity that suppresses BMP-4-induced PRL expression. Given that inhibition of BMP-receptor signaling reduced prolactin mRNA levels, endogenous BMP action is likely to be linked to the activation of prolactin synthesis by GH3 cells. Orexin A was revealed to suppress Smad1/5/9 phosphorylation and Id-1 transcription induced by BMP-4, which was restored in the presence of orexin-receptor antagonists, suggesting that the inhibitory effect of orexin A occurred via OX1R. Orexin A also reduced ALK-3 expression but increased inhibitory Smad6/7 expression, while BMP-4 treatment downregulated OX1R expression. These results indicated that orexin A plays an inhibitory role in prolactin production through suppression of endogenous BMP activity in GH3 cells, suggesting that a new functional role of the interaction between orexin and BMP-4 is modulation of prolactin levels in lactotrope cells.
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