Cost Efficacy of α-Galactosidase A Enzyme Screening for Fabry Disease.

Published on Jan 1, 2019
· DOI :10.1016/J.MAYOCP.2018.08.009
Darrell B. Newman5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Mayo Clinic),
William R. Miranda14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Mayo Clinic)
+ 5 AuthorsMichael J. Ackerman144
Estimated H-index: 144
(Mayo Clinic)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract The prevalence of Fabry disease (FD) in adult patients with suspected hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) has been reported between 0.3% and 4%. Fabry disease–specific therapy necessitates early diagnosis; however, the optimal screening strategy and cost efficacy of routine α-galactosidase A (α-gal A) vs comprehensive galactosidase alpha gene (GLA) testing remain poorly understood. We identified 1192 patients who underwent routine α-gal A screening between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2017, for suspected HCM. Cost efficacy was explored using prevalence and cost estimates. Ten patients had reduced α-gal A enzyme activity, and 5 (3 women) were ultimately diagnosed with FD (prevalence estimate, 0.42%). An alternative cardiac diagnosis was made in 3 patients with mildly reduced enzyme activity. Two women with reduced borderline enzyme levels did not undergo confirmatory testing, but FD was not suspected. The number needed to screen to diagnose 1 patient with FD in a similar cohort is estimated at 238 (5 new cases per 1192 at-risk individuals) at a cost of approximately US $24,000 per diagnosis. We identified a 0.42% prevalence of FD using routine α-gal A screening in adult patients referred to a dedicated HCM center in the United States. Compared with more comprehensive genetic testing strategies, we identified a similar prevalence of FD at a lower cost per diagnosis.
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Background Fabry Disease (FD), an X linked lysosomal storage disease due to pathogenic α-galactosidase A ( GLA ) mutations, results in two major subtypes, the early-onset Type 1 ‘Classic’ and the Type 2 ‘Later-Onset’ phenotypes. To identify previously unrecognised patients, investigators screened cardiac, renal and stroke clinics by enzyme assays. However, some screening studies did not perform confirmatory GLA mutation analyses, and many included recently recognised ‘benign/likely-benign’ varia...
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Abstract Background Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by the deficient activity of α-galactosidase A due to mutations in the GLA gene, which may be associated with increased left ventricular wall thickness and mimic the morphologic features of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Management strategies for these 2 diseases diverge, with Fabry disease–specific treatment utilizing recombinant α-galactosidase A enzyme replacement therapy. Methods We studied a prospectively assem...
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Fabry disease is caused by mutations in the GLA gene and is characterized by a large genotypic and phenotypic spectrum. Missense mutations pose a special problem for graduating diagnosis and choosing a cost-effective therapy. Some mutants retain enzymatic activity, but are less stable than the wild type protein. These mutants can be stabilized by small molecules which are defined as pharmacological chaperones. The first chaperone to reach clinical trial is 1-deoxygalactonojirimycin, but others h...
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Abstract Objectives To determine the prevalence and spectrum of mutations and genotype-phenotype relationships in the largest hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) cohort to date and to provide an easy, clinically applicable phenotype-derived score that provides a pretest probability for a positive HCM genetic test result. Patients and Methods Between April 1, 1997, and February 1, 2007, 1053 unrelated patients with the clinical diagnosis of HCM (60% male; mean ± SD age at diagnosis, 44.4±19 years) ...
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Fabry disease: Detection of undiagnosed hemodialysis patients and identification of a "renal variant" phenotype. Background Fabry disease is an X-linked recessive lysosomal storage disease resulting from deficient α-galactosidase A (α-Gal A) activity. Renal failure is a major debilitating complication in classically affected males. To determine if this disorder is underdiagnosed in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the frequency of unrecognized males with Fabry disease on chronic hem...
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