Steric Effect of Antioxidant Diels-Alder-Type Adducts: A Comparison of Sanggenon C with Sanggenon D

Published on Oct 11, 2018in Molecules3.267
· DOI :10.3390/MOLECULES23102610
Xican Li9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine),
Zhenxing Ren5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine)
+ 5 AuthorsDongfeng Chen22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine)
Sources
Abstract
Sanggenons C and D are two Diels-Alder-type adducts from Chinese crude drug Sang-bai-pi. Structurally, both sanggenons construct stereoisomers. In the study, they were comparatively determined using four antioxidant assays, including ferric ion reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay, Cu2+-reducing assay, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazl (DPPH•)-scavenging assay, and 2,2′-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzo-thiazoline-6-sulfonic acid radical (ABTS•+)-scavenging assay. Their Fe2+-binding reactions were explored using UV-Vis spectra. Finally, their cytoprotective effects were evaluated using flow cytometry. In electron transfer (ET)-based FRAP and Cu2+-reducing assays, sanggenon D was found to have lower IC50 values than sanggenon C; however, in multi-pathway-based DPPH•-scavenging and ABTS•+-scavenging assays, sanggenon C possessed lower IC50 values than sanggenon D. UV-Vis spectra suggested that sanggenon C generated a bathochromic-shift (286 nm → 302 nm) and displayed stronger UV absorption than sanggenon D. In flow cytometry, sanggenon C and sanggenon D, respectively, exhibited 31.1% and 42.0% early apoptosis-percentages towards oxidative-stressed mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). In conclusion, both sanggenons may undergo multiple pathways (e.g., ET and Fe2+-binding) to protect MSCs against oxidative stress. In the mere ET aspect, sanggenon D possesses a higher level than sanggenon C, while in multi-pathway-based radical-scavenging, Fe2+-binding, and cytoprotection aspects, sanggenon C is more active than sanggenon D. These discrepancies can conclusively be attributed to the steric effect.
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