Oropouche fever, an emergent disease from the Americas.

Published on Dec 1, 2017in Microbes and Infection2.7
· DOI :10.1016/J.MICINF.2017.11.013
Daniel Romero-Alvarez12
Estimated H-index: 12
(KU: University of Kansas),
Luis E. Escobar24
Estimated H-index: 24
(VT: Virginia Tech)
Abstract Oropouche virus is the aetiological agent of Oropouche fever, a zoonotic disease mainly transmitted by midges of the species Culicoides paraensis. Although the virus was discovered in 1955, more attention has been given recently to both the virus and the disease due to outbreaks of Oropouche fever in different areas of Brazil and Peru. Serological studies in human and wild mammals have also found Oropouche virus in Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, and Ecuador. Several mammals act as reservoirs of the disease, although the sylvatic cycle of Oropouche virus remains to be assessed properly. Oropouche fever lacks key symptoms to be differentiated from other arboviral febrile illnesses from the Americas. Sporadic cases of aseptic meningitis have also been described with good prognosis. Habitat loss can increase the likelihood of Oropouche virus emergence in the short-term in South America.
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