Patient-derived anti-β2GP1 antibodies recognize a peptide motif pattern and not a specific sequence of residues.
Published on Aug 1, 2017in Haematologica7.116
· DOI :10.3324/HAEMATOL.2017.170381
Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of so-called antiphospholipid antibodies and clinical manifestations such as recurrent thromboembolic or pregnancy complications. Although the main antigenic determinant for antiphospholipid antibodies has been identified as the β-2-glycoprotein 1 (β2GP1), the precise epitope recognized by antiphospholipid antibodies still remains largely unknown. In the study herein, we wanted to identify a sequence in domain I of β2GP1 able to induce the proliferation of CD4+ T cells isolated from antiphospholipid antibody syndrome patients, but not from healthy donors, and to interact with antiphospholipid antibodies. We have characterized a sequence in domain I of β2GP1 that triggers CD4+ T-cell proliferation. A comparison of this sequence with the previously reported binding of antiphospholipid antibodies to discontinuous epitope R39-R43 reveals the presence of an indeterminate motif in β2GP1, in which the polarity determines the characteristics and specificity of antiphospholipid antibodies-interacting motifs. Using point mutations, we characterized the main antiphospholipid antibodies-interacting motif as ϕϕϕζζFxC, but also established ϕϕϕζζFxϕ-related motifs as potential antiphospholipid antibodies epitopes, in which ϕ represents nonpolar residues and ζ polar residues, with charges of the residues not being involved. Of specific importance, these different motifs are present at least once in all antiphospholipid antibodies-related receptors described so far. We have further demonstrated, in vitro, that peptides and domains of β2GP1 containing these motifs were able to interact with antiphospholipid antibodies and inhibit their monocyte activating activity. These results established that the antiphospholipid antibodies-interacting motifs are determined by the polarity, but not by the sequence or charge, of amino acids. These data could also contribute to the future development of more sensitive and specific diagnostic tools for antiphospholipid antibody syndrome determination and potential peptide- or β2GP1 domain-based clinical therapies.