Poorer maternal diet quality and increased birth weight

Published on Jun 18, 2018in Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine1.737
· DOI :10.1080/14767058.2017.1322949
Madeline Grandy2
Estimated H-index: 2
(OHSU: Oregon Health & Science University),
Jonathan M. Snowden24
Estimated H-index: 24
(OHSU: Oregon Health & Science University)
+ 3 AuthorsNicole Marshall21
Estimated H-index: 21
(OHSU: Oregon Health & Science University)
AbstractObjective: Maternal diet and gestational weight gain (GWG) influence birth weight and infant adiposity, which are important predictors of lifetime health. To better understand these relationships, we studied associations between maternal diet and GWG, adiposity, and birth weight in a well characterized cohort of pregnant women.Study design: Data were obtained from 41 term (>37 weeks), uncomplicated, singleton pregnancies according to pre-pregnancy BMI categories of normal (n = 11), overweight (n = 15), or obese (n = 15). Daily consumption of protein, fat, and carbohydrates and a Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010) score were determined from 24 h food recall collections. Associations were modeled using multinomial logistic and linear regression.Results: Neither the third trimester maternal diet quality nor the macronutrient consumption was associated with GWG after adjusting for pre-pregnancy BMI, maternal age, and parity. A ten-point lower HEI-2010 score was associated with 200 g higher infant birth w...
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