The dragon millipedes in Vietnam (Polydesmida: Paradoxosomatidae, genus Desmoxytes Chamberlin, 1923)

Published on Jan 1, 2005
Nguyen Anh1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
S Golovatch1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
A Anichkin1
Estimated H-index: 1
Source
Abstract
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Cited By6
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#1Ruttapon Srisonchai (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 4
#2Henrik Enghoff (Wild Center)H-Index: 18
Last. Somsak Panha (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 15
view all 4 authors...
: The dragon millipede genus Desmoxytes s.l. is split into five genera, based on morphological characters and preliminary molecular phylogenetic analyses. The present article includes a review of Desmoxytes s.s., while future articles will deal with Hylomus Cook and Loomis, 1924 and three new genera which preliminarily are referred to as the 'acantherpestes', 'gigas', and 'spiny' groups. Diagnostic morphological characters of each group are discussed. Hylomus is resurrected as a valid genus and ...
11 CitationsSource
#2Henrik EnghoffH-Index: 18
Last. Somsak PanhaH-Index: 15
view all 4 authors...
: Nine new species constituting the 'spiny' group of dragon millipedes are assigned to the new genus Spinaxytes Srisonchai, Enghoff & Panha, gen. n. Seven new species are described from Thailand: S.biloba Srisonchai, Enghoff & Panha, sp. n. and S.palmata Srisonchai, Enghoff & Panha, sp. n. from Surat Thani Province, S.hasta Srisonchai, Enghoff & Panha, sp. n. from Chumphon Province, S.krabiensis Srisonchai, Enghoff & Panha, sp. n. (type species) and S.sutchariti Srisonchai, Enghoff & Panha, sp. ...
4 CitationsSource
Millipedes are some of the earliest examples of terrestrial animals, and fossils from the early Carboniferous Period indicate they were also some of the earliest prey. These fossils record ozopores, the openings of chemical defense glands, occurring along the length of the body. The secretions of these glands may consist of topical irritants, repellents, antifeedants, or, in the case of the large and widespread Order Polydesmida, hydrogen cyanide (HCN) gas that can be fatal to other arthropods o...
52 CitationsSource
#1Natdanai Likhitrakarn (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 7
#2Sergei I. Golovatch (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 14
Last. Somsak Panha (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 15
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Two new species of Desmoxytes are described and abundantly illustrated: D. rhinoceros sp. n. and D. rhinoparva sp. n., from southern and northern Laos, respectively. Illustrated redescriptions of all four Vietnamese Desmoxytes species proposed by Carl Attems are also provided, based on type material.
6 CitationsSource
#1Sergei I. Golovatch (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 14
#2Youbang. LiH-Index: 2
Last. Jean-Jacques GeoffroyH-Index: 10
view all 4 authors...
The large Southeast Asian genus Desmoxytes is slightly rediagnosed. A number of troglomorphic, most likely troglobitic, species occur in southern China. A key is provided to all 10 Desmoxytes spp. currently known from China, including three new presumed troglobites: Desmoxytes eupterygota sp. n. from Hunan Province, as well as Desmoxytes spinissima sp. n. and Desmoxytes lui sp. n. from Guangxi Province. “Desmoxytes” philippina Nguyen Duc & Sierwald, 2010, from the Philippines, is formally remove...
14 CitationsSource
#1Henrik Enghoff (Wild Center)H-Index: 18
#2Chirasak Sutcharit (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 12
Last. Somsak Panha (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 15
view all 3 authors...
A shocking pink, very spiny new species of “dragon millipede”, Desmoxytes purpurosea sp.n., is described from Thailand, Uthaithani province. Its behaviour suggests that its colouration is aposematic, like that of some bright red congeners. Relations of the new species to congeners are discussed.
11 CitationsSource