Prognostic potential of the MDM2 309T>G polymorphism in stage I lung adenocarcinoma

Published on May 1, 2016in Cancer Medicine3.491
· DOI :10.1002/CAM4.750
Yasuaki Enokida5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Gunma University),
Kimihiro Shimizu33
Estimated H-index: 33
(Gunma University)
+ 13 AuthorsIzumi Takeyoshi30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Gunma University)
The MDM2 protein plays an important role in the regulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis via ubiquitination and proteasome-mediated degradation of p53. The genetic polymorphism rs2279744 (c.309T>G) of the MDM2 gene is reportedly associated with susceptibility and/or prognosis in various cancers. In this study, we investigated the risk factors for worse survival in patients with lung adenocarcinoma (AC). We examined the association between c.309T>G and the prognosis of lung cancer by retrospectively reviewing 453 lung cancer patients. We studied both, clinicopathological and genetic characteristics, including the c.309T>G, p53 Arg72Pro, EGFR, KRAS, and p53 mutations. Associations between these factors and survival outcome were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards models. The frequencies of MDM2 polymorphisms were T/T, 20.8%; T/G, 48.6%, and G/G, 30.7%. The overall survival (OS) of AC patients with pathological stage I disease and the MDM2 T/T genotype was significantly shorter than that of those with the T/G or G/G genotypes (P = 0.02). Multivariate analysis revealed that the MDM2 T/T genotype was an independent, significant prognostic factor (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.23; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.07-4.65; P = 0.03). The MDM2 T/T genotype was predictive of poorer survival in a Japanese population. Genotyping for this polymorphism might predict the clinical outcomes of stage I AC patients.
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