[High-resolution computed tomography compared with the thoracic radiogram and respiratory function tests in assessing workers exposed to silica].

Published on Apr 1, 1995in Radiologia Medica2
Fabio Falaschi24
Estimated H-index: 24
,
L Battolla12
Estimated H-index: 12
+ 5 AuthorsC. Bartolozzi28
Estimated H-index: 28
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Abstract
: To compare the usefulness of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and chest radiography in the functional evaluation of silica-exposed workers, 27 workers were submitted to posteroanterior and lateral chest radiographs, apex to base HRCT scans and pulmonary function tests. Two experienced readers studied plain films independently to assess small opacities profusion (ILO-UC, Geneva 1980): from 0/- to 3/+. HRCT grading and extent of silicotic nodules and associated emphysema were scored on a four-point scale. Inter-reader analysis showed better agreement for HRCT (K = 0.49) than chest radiography (K = 0.29). Poor agreement was observed between chest radiography and HRCT classes, particularly in the early stages of silicosis. No correlation was observed between chest radiography score and pulmonary function tests, while a significant correlation was observed between HRCT classes (grade and extent of the nodules) and FEV1, MEF50, MEF75, RV and FRC. In conclusion, HRCT exhibited better reproducibility and higher accuracy than chest radiography in identifying the absence of silicotic nodules and in depicting functionally important lesions. To this purpose, HRCT can be considered a useful support to conventional chest radiography.
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#3Güven Gökgöz (Hacettepe University)H-Index: 2
#6Ali Yildiz (Hacettepe University)H-Index: 8
OBJECTIVES We aimed to determine the characteristics of physicians who had attended the Readers Training of the International Labour Organization International Classification of Radiographs of Pneumoconioses (ILO ICRP) in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study included 601 physicians attending the Reader Training of the ILO ICRP. Data were collected using an electronic questionnaire, and the inclusiveness of the study was 29.8% (n=179). RESULTS In this study, 70.6% of the physicians were men, ...
1 CitationsSource
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#1Chiara Costa (UNIME: University of Messina)H-Index: 21
#2Giorgio Ascenti (UNIME: University of Messina)H-Index: 9
Last. Silvio Mazziotti (UNIME: University of Messina)H-Index: 27
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Purpose The aim of this article is to correlate the radiological features of pleuro-pulmonary damage caused by inhalation of pumice (an extrusive volcanic rock classified as a non-fibrous, amorphous, complex silicate) with exposure conditions.
2 CitationsSource
#1Marcos César Santos de Castro (Federal Fluminense University)H-Index: 1
#2Angela Santos Ferreira (Federal Fluminense University)H-Index: 5
Last. Edson Marchiori (UFRJ: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro)H-Index: 51
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Background The assessment of the extent of silicosis on chest radiographs is subjective and could be more standardized by using computed tomography (CT) quantification methods. We propose a semiautomatic method of quantifying the anatomical lung damage (LD) (the sum of the emphysema and large opacities volumes) measured by CT densitovolumetry in complicated silicosis.
7 CitationsSource