Reinforcement and toughening mechanisms in polymer nanocomposites – Reinforcement effectiveness and nanoclay nanocomposites

Published on Feb 1, 2016in Materials Chemistry and Physics3.408
· DOI :10.1016/J.MATCHEMPHYS.2015.11.047
Carlos V. Opelt8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UDESC: Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina),
Luiz A. F. Coelho17
Estimated H-index: 17
(UDESC: Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Although the effects of the incorporation of nanoparticles in polymer matrices are deeply studied in the literature, the mechanisms that promote higher properties are not well reported. In this paper, the reinforcement and toughening mechanisms that act on nanoclay/epoxy nanocomposites were studied. For this purpose, two types of nanoclays were used (sodium nanoclay and organophilic nanoclay) in three different concentrations. We propose the reinforcement effectiveness concept, which provides a way to assess the reinforcement mechanism without the use of TEM images. The fracture toughness test and the analysis of the fracture surface provided evidence that for nanoclay/epoxy nanocomposites, the dominant toughening mechanism is strongly dependent on the dispersion state, with a transition from the crack pinning to the crack deflection mechanism.
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