Epidermal growth factor released from platelet-rich plasma promotes endothelial cell proliferation in vitro M.-P. Bertrand-Duchesne,

Published on Jan 1, 2010
Material and Methods: The levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) in supernatants of calcium- and thrombin-activated PRP samples from five donors were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Supernatants were treated with neutralizing antibodies specific to each growth factor, and the effects of these treatments on human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) proliferation in vitro were determined. The effect of removing EGF from PRP supernatants with antibodycoated beads on HUVEC proliferation was also tested. Results: Average concentrations of VEGF, PDGF-BB, bFGF and EGF in PRP supernatants were 189, 27,190, 39.5 and 513 pg/mL, respectively. The addition of EGF neutralizing antibodies to the PRP supernatants significantly reduced HUVEC proliferation (up to 40%), while such an inhibition was not observed following neutralization of the other growth factors. Removal of EGF from PRP supernatants by treatment with antibody-coated beads also resulted in a significant decrease in HUVEC proliferation. Recombinant EGF increased HUVEC proliferation in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion: This study showed that PRP supernatants are highly mitogenic for endothelial cells and provided evidence that this effect may be due, at least in part, to the presence of EGF. In vivo experiments are needed to confirm the roles of specific growth factors released from PRP in the healing of oral surgical and/or periodontal wounds.
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
69 Citations
105 Citations
66 Citations
#1Katarzyna Lysiak-Drwal (Wrocław Medical University)H-Index: 1
#2Marzena DominiakH-Index: 15
Last. Hanna GerberH-Index: 9
view all 7 authors...
INTRODUCTIONS: To obtain osseous tissue regeneration, treatment methods referred to as guided bone regeneration are used which utilize the mechanical, chemical, and biological properties of materials. MATERIAL/METHODS: Eighteen white rabbits were used. Under general anesthesia, a 5 mm in diameter defect was created transcutaneously in the femur trochanter major. The rabbits were divided into three groups depending on the type of the intraosseous defect (ID) treatment: in group I (C) the control ...
21 Citations
Background: The aim of the present randomized, double-masked, clinical trial was to compare platelet-rich plasma (PRP) combined with a demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) to DFDBA mixed with a saline solution in the treatment of human intrabony defects.Methods: Sixty interproximal intrabony osseous defects in 60 healthy, non-smoking subjects diagnosed with chronic periodontitis were treated in this study. Thirty subjects each were randomly assigned to the test group (PRP + DFDBA) o...
124 CitationsSource
#1Yingfeng Shao (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)H-Index: 1
#2Danning HuH-Index: 1
Last. Jiaqi ChenH-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
PURPOSE: To investigate effect of bFGF, EGF and NGF on growth of cultured human corneal endothelial cells. METHODS: Cultured human corneal endothelial cells were seeded into individual wells of 96-well tissue culture plate with the same culture media containing separately bFGF, EGF or NGF with a serial of concentrations of 0 ng/ml, 1 ng/ml, 3 ng/ml, 10 ng/ml, 30 ng/ml and 100 ng/ml and then cultured for 5 days. Then MTT method was used to detect the growth of the cells. RESULTS: The averaged OD ...
6 Citations
#1Primoz RozmanH-Index: 10
#1P RozmanH-Index: 1
Last. Z BoltaH-Index: 1
view all 2 authors...
Tissue repair begins with clot formation and platelet degranulation, which release the growth factors (GFs) necessary for wound repair. Platelet-derived GFs are biologically active substances that enhance tissue repair mechanisms such as chemotaxis, cell proliferation, angiogenesis, extracellular matrix deposition, and remodeling. This review describes the biological background of the topical therapy of wounds and soft-tissue injuries with platelet gel (PG) and PG-derived GFs as well as the succ...
129 Citations
Objectives: Aims of this controlled study were to determine the effects of activated human platelet-rich plasmas (PRPs) on early and mature bone formation in vivo, and to characterize the effect of PRP activation on growth factors release and endothelial cell division in vitro. Material and methods: PRPs were prepared from four volunteers with the platelet concentrate collector system (PCCS) system and activated with three concentrations of calcium and thrombin. Platelet-derived growth factor (P...
132 CitationsSource
#1Veela B. Mehta (The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital)H-Index: 15
#2Gail E. Besner (The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital)H-Index: 50
Objective: Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) belongs to the epidermal growth factor (EGF) superfamily of ligands. It has been implicated as a regulator of angiogenesis. However, the mechanisms by which HB-EGF promotes angiogenesis are unknown. The goal of the present study was to define the pathways by which HB-EGF stimulates angiogenesis in endothelial cells.Methods: To characterize the angiogenic activity of HB-EGF, we treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) with H...
146 CitationsSource
#1Michele M. Hickey (HHMI: Howard Hughes Medical Institute)H-Index: 8
#2M. Celeste Simon (HHMI: Howard Hughes Medical Institute)H-Index: 106
Maintenance of oxygen homeostasis is critical for the survival of multicellular organs. As a result, both invertebrates and vertebrates have developed highly specialized mechanisms to sense changes in oxygen levels and to mount adequate cellular and systemic responses to these changes. Hypoxia, or low oxygen tension, occurs in physiological situations such as during embryonic development, as well as in pathological conditions such as ischemia, wound healing, and cancer. A primary effector of the...
298 CitationsSource
#1William S. Pietrzak (Biomet)H-Index: 22
#1William S. Pietrzak (Biomet)H-Index: 16
Last. Barry L. EppleyH-Index: 47
view all 2 authors...
Platelets play a central role in hemostasis and wound healing. The latter is mediated by release of secretory proteins on platelet activation, which directly or indirectly influences virtually all aspects of the wound healing cascade. Studies in basic science have shown a dose-response relationship
347 CitationsSource
#1J.-P. Fréchette (Laval University)H-Index: 1
#2I. Martineau (Laval University)H-Index: 1
Last. G. Gagnon (Laval University)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
Platelet-rich plasmas (PRPs) are used in a variety of clinical applications, based on the premise that higher growth factor content should promote better healing. In this study, we have determined the effects of calcium and thrombin on the release of EGF, TGF-α, IGF-1, Ang-2 and IL-1β from PRPs, and assessed the mitogenic potential of PRP supernatants on osteoblast and endothelial cell division. ELISA assays indicate that (i) mean growth factor concentrations vary from traces (TGF-α) to 5.5 ng/m...
396 CitationsSource
#1James D. Kassolis (UMB: University of Maryland, Baltimore)H-Index: 5
#2Mark A. ReynoldsH-Index: 53
Abstract:Subantral sinus augmentation is often necessary to permit placement of endosseous implants. Recent efforts to improve wound healing have focused on autogenous sources of bioactive mediators, such as platelet-rich plasma (PRP), which offer the potential to enhance the biological activity of
158 CitationsSource
Cited By0