Commentary: Can improving a mother's diet improve her children's cardiovascular health?

Published on Feb 1, 2009in International Journal of Epidemiology7.196
· DOI :10.1093/IJE/DYN212
Caroline H.D. Fall88
Estimated H-index: 88
(Southampton General Hospital)
Sources
Abstract
predictors of fetal growth rate in generation 3 of the Cebu cohort. Oral presentation, 5th International Congress on Developmental Origins of Health & Disease. Early Hum Dev 2007;83:S44. 28 Rayco-Solon P, Fulford AJ, Prentice AM. Differential effects of seasonality on preterm birth and intrauterine growth restriction in rural Africans. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;81:134–99. 29 Moore SE, Halsall I, Howarth D, Poskitt EM, Prentice AM. Glucose, insulin and lipid metabolism in rural Gambians exposed to early malnutrition. Diabet Med 2001;18:646–53. 30 Langley-Evans SC, Langley-Evans AJ, Marchand MC. Nutritional programming of blood pressure and renal morphology. Arch Physiol Biochem 2003;111:8–16. 31 Cole TJ. The LMS method for constructing normalized growth standards. Eur J Clin Nutr 1990;44:45–60.
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References13
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#1Sophie Hawkesworth (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 20
#2Andrew M. Prentice (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 111
Last. Sophie E. MooreH-Index: 55
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Background Birthweight, and by inference maternal nutrition during pregnancy, is thought to be an important determinant of offspring blood pressure but the evidence base for this in humans is lacking data from randomized controlled trials. Methods The offspring from a maternal prenatal protein-energy supplementation trial were enrolled into a follow-up study of chronic disease risk factors including blood pressure. Subjects were 11–17 years of age and blood pressure was measured in triplicate us...
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#1Sanjay Kinra (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 43
#2KV Rameshwar SarmaH-Index: 9
Last. Yoav Ben-Shlomo (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 118
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Objective To determine whether integration of nutritional supplementation with other public health programmes in early life reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease in undernourished populations. Design Approximately 15 years’ follow-up of participants born within an earlier controlled, community trial of nutritional supplementation integrated with other public health programmes. Setting 29 villages (15 intervention, 14 control) near Hyderabad city, south India. Participants 1165 adolescents a...
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When the NHS celebrated its 50th anniversary with much pomp, commemorative stamps, and a service in Westminster Abbey, a new Labour government was busy reversing many of the policies of its Conservative predecessor. The internal market was abolished, as was general practitioner fundholding. The NHS would indeed be modernised, but it would be on the basis of cooperation not competition. Who then—in the euphoria of the celebrations when Frank Dobson, the secretary of state for health, could claim ...
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#1Adam J. Watkins (University of Southampton)H-Index: 23
#2Adrian Wilkins (University of Southampton)H-Index: 9
Last. Tom P. Fleming (University of Southampton)H-Index: 56
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Early embryonic development is known to be susceptible to maternal undernutrition, leading to a disease-related postnatal phenotype. To determine whether this sensitivity extended into oocyte development, we examined the effect of maternal normal protein diet (18% casein; NPD) or isocaloric low protein diet (9% casein; LPD) restricted to one ovulatory cycle (3.5 days) prior to natural mating in female MF-1 mice. After mating, all females received NPD for the remainder of gestation and all offspr...
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#1Keith P. West (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 73
#2Parul Christian (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 57
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#1John Hoddinott (IFPRI: International Food Policy Research Institute)H-Index: 73
#2John A. Maluccio (Middlebury College)H-Index: 37
Last. Reynaldo Martorell (Emory University)H-Index: 98
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Summary Background Substantial, but indirect, evidence suggests that improving nutrition in early childhood in developing countries is a long-term economic investment. We investigated the direct effect of a nutrition intervention in early childhood on adult economic productivity. Methods We obtained economic data from 1424 Guatemalan individuals (aged 25–42 years) between 2002 and 2004. They accounted for 60% of the 2392 children (aged 0–7 years) who had been enrolled in a nutrition intervention...
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#1Aryeh D. Stein (Emory University)H-Index: 80
#2Meng Wang (Emory University)H-Index: 12
Last. Reynaldo Martorell (Emory University)H-Index: 98
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To study the role of nutrition in the association of birth size and childhood growth with development of cardiovascular disease the authors in 2002-2004 surveyed 665 men and 790 women aged 25-42 years who had been exposed as children to a community-randomized nutrition supplementation intervention in four villages in eastern Guatemala. Exposure was associated with a lower fasting glucose level (7.0 mg/dl 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.5 13.5) for exposure at ages 36-72 months; lower systolic bl...
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#1Christopher Torrens (University of Southampton)H-Index: 18
#2L BrawleyH-Index: 7
Last. Mark A. HansonH-Index: 107
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Dietary protein restriction in the rat compromises the maternal cardiovascular adaptations to pregnancy and leads to raised blood pressure and endothelial dysfunction in the offspring. In this study we have hypothesized that dietary folate supplementation of the low-protein diet will improve maternal vascular function and also restore offspring cardiovascular function. Pregnant Wistar rats were fed either a control (18% casein) or protein-restricted (9% casein) diet ±5 mg/kg folate supplement. F...
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#1Keith FraynH-Index: 5
#2Sara StannerH-Index: 5
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Cited By3
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#1Caroline H.D. Fall (Southampton General Hospital)H-Index: 88
#2Kalyanaraman Kumaran (Southampton General Hospital)H-Index: 15
In this issue, Keinan-Boker summarises the main studies that have followed up offspring of women exposed to famine during pregnancy and calls for the establishment of a national cohort of Holocaust survivors and their offspring to study inter-generational effects. She suggests that the study would consolidate the fetal origins theory and lead to translational applications to deal with the inter-generational effects of the Holocaust. Barker suggested that alterations in the nutritional supply dur...
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#1Atul Singhal (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 43
The concept that early growth has long-term biological effects is based on extensive studies in animals dating from the 1930s. More recently, compelling evidence for a long-term influence of early growth on later health has also emerged in humans. Substantial data now support the hypothesis that ‘accelerated’, or too fast infant growth, increases the propensity to obesity, glucose intolerance, raised blood pressure, dyslipidaemia and endothelial dysfunction, the clustering of risk factors which ...
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It is regularly pointed out that despite impressive economic growth India has the largest number of malnourished children in the world. It also has the largest number of people with diabetes despite moderate levels of obesity. These two observations may in fact be linked; poverty breeds malnutrition in children and chronic diseases in adults. This article reviews evidence on the critical role of early nutrition both for long-term health and also for reducing the intergenerational transmission of...
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