Intracardiac Mass Due to Fibrosing Mediastinitis: The First Reported Case

Published on Aug 1, 2013in Canadian Journal of Cardiology5
· DOI :10.1016/J.CJCA.2012.11.020
Tiago Pereira-da-Silva5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Ana Galrinho9
Estimated H-index: 9
+ 4 AuthorsRui Cruz Ferreira16
Estimated H-index: 16
Sources
Abstract
Abstract We report a case of a woman, aged 53 years, presenting with a right atrial mass due to idiopathic fibrosing mediastinitis with periaortic involvement. This challenging diagnosis was confirmed by different imaging modalities and histopathologic analysis. The diagnosis of cardiac tumours is often difficult. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an intracavitary cardiac mass due to fibrosing mediastinitis. This rare disorder, which is characterized by invasive proliferation of fibrous tissue within the mediastinum, should be included in the differential diagnosis of intracardiac tumours.
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Fibrosing mediastinitis (FM) is a rare disorder characterized by the invasive proliferation of fibrous tissue within the mediastinum. FM frequently results in the compression of vital mediastinal structures and has been associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Its pathogenesis remains unknown. However, in North America most cases are thought to represent an immune-mediated hypersensitivity response to Histoplasma capsulatum infection. To characterize the clinical disease spectrum, na...
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Fibrosing mediastinitis is characterized by abnormal proliferation of acellular collagen and fibrous tissue in the mediastinum. Although most cases in the United States are attributed to Histoplasma capsulatum, there is a different and important idiopathic subset, with potentially different treatmen
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A 65-year-old woman was referred to our department for investigation and treatment of hoarseness. A chest computed tomography (CT) scan showed a mediastinal mass spreading into the aortopulmonary window. This finding and that of flexible laryngoscopy suggested that the hoarseness was being caused by left recurrent nerve involvement resulting in left vocal cord paralysis. Thus, we performed a mediastinoscopic biopsy via a parasternal incision. Pathological examination revealed dense fibrous tissu...
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Mediastinal fibrosis is a rare disease characterised by fibrous proliferation in the mediastinum. It can be idiopathic or secondary to several conditions such as infections and malignancies. Anecdotal reports have described idiopathic mediastinal fibrosis (IMF) in association with other fibro-inflammatory or autoimmune diseases. We report nine new IMF cases recently seen at our Fibro-Inflammatory Disease Clinic and reviewed the IMF cases reported in the English language literature throughout 200...
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