High-resolution 18F-FDG PET with MRI for monitoring response to treatment in rheumatoid arthritis

Published on Jan 30, 2010in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging7.081
· DOI :10.1007/S00259-009-1364-X
Abhijit J. Chaudhari18
Estimated H-index: 18
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis),
Spencer L. Bowen11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis)
+ 9 AuthorsRamsey D. Badawi29
Estimated H-index: 29
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis)
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging (2010) 37:1047 DOI 10.1007/s00259-009-1364-x IMAGE OF THE MONTH High-resolution 18 F-FDG PET with MRI for monitoring response to treatment in rheumatoid arthritis Abhijit J. Chaudhari & Spencer L. Bowen & George W. Burkett & Nathan J. Packard & Felipe Godinez & Anand A. Joshi & Stanley M. Naguwa & David K. Shelton & John C. Hunter & John M. Boone & Michael H. Buonocore & Ramsey D. Badawi Received: 20 November 2009 / Accepted: 10 December 2009 / Published online: 30 January 2010 # The Author(s) 2010. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com Molecular imaging can potentially provide means for mon- itoring response to therapy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) early in the course of disease [1].Quantitative measurements of RA disease activity made in the wrist by whole-body PET scanners, however, have inadequate accuracy because of limited spatial resolution [2]. A high-resolution PET/CT scanner for imaging extremities has been built at our insti- tution [3]. In conjunction with a clinical MRI scanner, high- resolution PET/MR images can be obtained for the wrist. The CT image is used for PET/MR image coregistration. A 57-year-old female with established RA was stable until a recent clinical flare-up in the right wrist. Clinical exami- nation revealed synovitis, swelling, and diminished range of motion. The patient also had a history of osteoarthritis (OA). An extremity 18 F-FDG PET/CT scan immediately following MRI at baseline was performed on this patient. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) inhibitor (etanercept) therapy was then initiated as a part of the patient’s standard of care. The patient was re-scanned 5 weeks after starting treatment. The figure shows high-resolution 18 F-FDG PET images (pseudocolor) overlaid on pre-contrast MRI images (gray This work was funded by the NIH grants UL1-RR024146, R01CA129561, R01EB002138 and the UC Davis Imaging Research Center. A. J. Chaudhari (*) : S. L. Bowen : G. W. Burkett : N. J. Packard : F. Godinez : D. K. Shelton : J. C. Hunter : J. M. Boone : M. H. Buonocore : R. D. Badawi Department of Radiology, UC Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA, USA e-mail: ajchaudhari@ucdavis.edu A. A. Joshi Department of Neurology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA S. M. Naguwa Department of Internal Medicine, UC Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA, USA scale) at baseline (left column) and 5 weeks (right column). Significant reduction in PET signal (suggesting reduced inflammation) in the synovium and at sites of erosions (white arrows) is visible. The green arrow shows inflammation due to OA. Physician examination at 3 months confirmed that this patient responded positively to etanercept. This case illustrates the potential of high-resolution PET with MRI for quantitative visualization of early response to therapy in RA. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which per- mits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited. References 1. Brenner W. 18F-FDG PET in rheumatoid arthritis: there still is a long way to go. J Nucl Med. 2004;45(6):927–9. 2. Beckers C, Ribbens C, Andre B, Marcelis S, Kaye O, Mathy L, et al. Assessment of disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis with (18)F-FDG PET. J Nucl Med. 2004;45(6):956–64. 3. Bowen SL, Wu Y, Chaudhari AJ, Fu L, Packard NJ, Burkett GW, et al. Initial characterization of a dedicated breast PET/CT scanner during human imaging. J Nucl Med. 2009;50(9):1401–8.
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