Synthesis and characterization of hybrid conducting composites based on polyaniline/magnetite fillers with improved microwave absorption properties

Published on Jun 25, 2012in Journal of Alloys and Compounds4.65
· DOI :10.1016/J.JALLCOM.2012.02.179
Belkacem Belaabed10
Estimated H-index: 10
('ENS Paris': École Normale Supérieure),
Jean-Luc Wojkiewicz16
Estimated H-index: 16
(École des Mines de Douai)
+ 2 AuthorsTuami Lasri19
Estimated H-index: 19
(university of lille)
Abstract Hybrid organic/inorganic electromagnetic absorbing materials (EMAMs) based on polyaniline (PANI) and magnetite (Fe 3 O 4 ) fillers dispersed in epoxy resin matrix were successfully prepared for electromagnetic applications. The effects of PANI and Fe 3 O 4 loading on permittivity, permeability and microwave absorption properties were studied. The structure and the morphology of the elaborated composites were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Electromagnetic properties and absorbing behaviors were performed over frequency range of 12.4–18 GHz (Ku-band). The results show that synthesis parameters such as amount and particle size of PANI and used Fe 3 O 4 affect significantly the morphology, the conductivity, and the microwave absorption properties of the final materials. It was revealed that the electromagnetic parameters were higher in hybrid PANI/magnetite/epoxy resin than in dielectric PANI/epoxy resin composites. The permittivity and the permeability parameters increased to high values with the rate of fillers in the composite and remained constant with the frequency. A minimum reflection coefficient (RC) of −42 dB was observed at 16.3 GHz with a thickness around 1 mm for composites containing 15% of PANI and 10% of Fe 3 O 4 ( ɛ ′ = 10) and −37.4 dB at 14.85 GHz for the composite of 15% of PANI and 25% of Fe 3 O 4 ( ɛ ′ = 17) . However, a composite made with only 20% of PANI ( ɛ ′ = 8.5) showed a minimum reflection coefficient of −11 dB at 18 GHz with the same thickness. The possibility to modulate the electromagnetic properties of the composite materials is of a great interest to fabricate microwave absorbing and electromagnetic shielding materials with high performances.
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