Immunohistochemical localization of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) and serum PTHrP in normocalcemic patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Published on Sep 1, 2005in Odontology2.634
· DOI :10.1007/S10266-005-0049-6
Makoto Tsuchimochi10
Estimated H-index: 10
(The Nippon Dental University),
Ayako Kameta4
Estimated H-index: 4
(The Nippon Dental University)
+ 1 AuthorsMasataka Katagiri5
Estimated H-index: 5
(The Nippon Dental University)
Cancer cells produce parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) in the early phase of malignancy development, before hypercalcemia occurs. The relationship between PTHrP and the clinicopathologic features of oral squamous cell carcinoma is poorly understood. We studied 60 patients (43 men, 17 women; mean age, 64.8 ± 11.2 years) with primary oral squamous cell carcinoma, from whom pretreatment biopsy specimens were obtained. We examined the relationship among immunohistochemical PTHrP expression, serum PTHrP levels, clinical characteristics of the tumor, and histopathologic aspects of the tumor. The mean calcium concentration for the 60 patients was 9.1 ± 0.4 mg/dl. No patients had laboratory evidence of hypercalcemia before treatment. Six patients had serum levels of C-terminal (C)-PTHrP higher than the normal level of 55.3 pmol/l. There were no significant differences in serum C-PTHrP levels according to TNM stages. Abundant positive immunoreactivity for anti-PTHrP (1-34) antibody was recognized diffusely in the whole cytoplasm of many tumor cells. Anti-PTHrP (38-64) antibody staining tended to localize as small granules in the cytoplasm, especially close to the nuclear periphery. There was no correlation between the serum C-PTHrP concentration and the intensity of either immunostain. The intensity of PTHrP was proportionally related to the degree of differentiation or extent of keratinization (P < 0.05) and the histologic malignancy grade of the tumor (P < 0.05), when using antibody against PTHrP (1-34), but not when using antibody against PTHrP (38-64). Serum C-PTHrP levels did not correlate with the intensity of cellular PTHrP expression and characteristics of the tumor at the initial patient visit. The fragment that includes PTHrP (1-34) may be involved in the differentiation of oral squamous cell carcinoma. The differences between immunoreactivities may have been due to differing tissue malignancies and the use of different antibodies. The results suggest the need for caution when interpreting immunoreactivities of PTHrP in malignancies.
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