Review of the millipede family Opisotretidae (Diplopoda, Polydesmida), with descriptions of new species

Published on May 20, 2013in ZooKeys1.137
· DOI :10.3897/ZOOKEYS.302.5357
Sergei I. Golovatch14
Estimated H-index: 14
(RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences),
Jean-Jacques Geoffroy10
Estimated H-index: 10
+ 1 AuthorsDidier Van Den Spiegel3
Estimated H-index: 3
Sources
Abstract
The small, basically Oriental family Opisotretidae is rediagnosed, reclassified, and shown to comprise the following seven genera, all keyed: Carlotretus Hoffman, 1980, with two species, including Carlotretus triramus sp. n. from southern China; Corypholophus Attems, 1938, with two species, one in Vietnam, the other in the Ryukyus, Japan; Martensodesmus Golovatch, 1987, with eight species, all keyed, including Martensodesmus cattienensis sp. n. from southern Vietnam, as well as Martensodesmus bedosae sp. n. and Martensodesmus spiniger sp. n. from southern China; Opisotretus Attems, 1907, with seven species, all keyed, including Opisotretus beroni sp. n. and Opisotretus hagen sp. n., both from Papua New Guinea, Opisotretus deharvengi sp. n. from Sulawesi, Indonesia, and Opisotretus spinosus sp. n. from Nusakambangan Island, off Java, Indonesia; Opisthoporodesmus Silvestri, 1899, with six nominate species; Retrodesmus Chamberlin, 1945, with two species, i.e. the type-species Retrodesmus dammermani Chamberlin, 1945, from Java, Indonesia, revised from the holotype, and Retrodesmus cavernicola sp. n., from Papua New Guinea; and Solaenaulus Attems, 1940, with two species. Comments are presented on the family’s possible relationships and palaeogeographic history. Instead of being considered as the sole component of the superfamily Opisotretoidea, the Opisotretidae is believed here to form one of the families of the diverse superfamily Trichopolydesmoidea, perhaps the sister-group to, if not immediately derived from, the pantropical family Fuhrmannodesmidae. The origin of Opisotretidae, previously dated as far back as the Triassic (220 Ma) in relation to the fragmentation of eastern Gondwanaland, mainly in the region of present-day Indonesia, could have had nothing to do with Gondwanaland. Opisotretids might have originated in mainland Southeast Asia well within the Cenozoic, with subsequent dispersals along the Himalayas in the West and across Indonesia (including New Guinea) in the East, also reaching as far north as the Ryukyus, Japan and Guangxi, southern China.
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
20140.99Zootaxa
2 Citations
20161.14ZooKeys
4 Citations
20130.99Zootaxa
3 Authors (Li-Hong Dang, ..., Ge-Xia Qiao)
5 Citations
References12
Newest
The genus Boreviulisoma Brolemann, 1928, is revised. The synonymy of Liliputia Attems, 1952, under Boreviulisoma is confirmed, but L. badia Attems, 1951, from Spain, is resurrected, as Boreviulisoma badium , from synonymy under B. li-ouvillei Brolemann, 1928 (the type species of Boreviulisoma ) from Morocco. Boreviulisoma barrocalense n. sp. is de-scribed from the subterranean environment of the Algarve, the southernmost province of Portugal. The distribution of the three known species of Borevi...
9 CitationsSource
#1Sergei I. Golovatch (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 14
#2Elena V. Mikhaljova (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 5
Last. Hsueh-Wen Chang (NSYSU: National Sun Yat-sen University)H-Index: 34
view all 3 authors...
Faunistic records are provided, summarized and mapped for several smaller families of the millipede order Polydesmida in Taiwan. Both Pyrgodesmidae and Opisotretidae are new to the Taiwanese list. The former family is represented there by the nearly pantropical Cryptocorypha ornata (Attems, 1938) which is new to the island’s fauna, as well as by two new species of Ampelodesmus Miyosi, 1956: A. taiwanensis n. sp. and A. similis n. sp.; both latter taxa are incorporated in a key to all five specie...
7 Citations
The hitherto monotypic genus Caucasodesmus is new to the Ukrainian list due to the discovery of Caucasodesmus tauricus sp. n. in a cave in the Crimea. The new species is easily distinguished from Caucasodesmus inexpectatus Golovatch, 1985, the type, and only other, known species of this genus, in the abundantly setose collum and following metaterga, and more elaborate gonopods. The status of Caucasodesmus, which shows in the superfamily Trichopolydesmoidea where it definitely belongs such eviden...
6 CitationsSource
#1Yasuyuki Nakamura (University of the Ryukyus)H-Index: 6
#2Zoltán Korsós (Hungarian Natural History Museum)H-Index: 11
Distributional data for the millipedes occurring in the Ryukyu Archipelago and adjacent islets (Senkaku and Daito Groups) are summarized based on an extensive literature survey. There are at least 58 species and one subspecies of millipedes known from the Ryukyu Archipelago (50 of these are native and 8 introduced), 5 species in the Senkaku Group, and 7 species in the Daito Group. Of these, the greatest diversity of indigenous millipede species (32 species) occurs in Okinawa-jima Island. Our res...
7 CitationsSource
#1Sergei I. Golovatch (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 14
#2Pavel Stoev (National Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 15
Last. D. VandenspiegelH-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
2 CitationsSource
2 Citations
#1Richard L. HoffmanH-Index: 1
1 Citations
6 CitationsSource
13 Citations
#1Karl AttemsH-Index: 1
#2Heinz WermuthH-Index: 1
Last. Maximilian FischerH-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
8 CitationsSource
Cited By5
Newest
#1Sergei I. Golovatch (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 14
#2Weixin Liu (SCAU: South China Agricultural University)H-Index: 6
Based on all available information, 339 species from 71 genera, 26 families, and eleven orders of Diplopoda have hitherto been recorded from mainland China, the fauna thus being very rich, albeit far from completely known, comprising various zoogeographic elements and populating very different environments. Diplopods mainly occur in various woodlands, in caves, and high in the mountains. Most species (> 90 %, usually highly localised, including 160 cavernicoles), 18 genera, and one family are st...
4 CitationsSource
#1Sergei I. Golovatch (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 14
#2Jochen Martens (University of Mainz)H-Index: 27
: The Himalayas support a highly rich, diverse, multi-layered, mostly endemic diplopod fauna which presently contains >270 species, 53 genera, 23 families and 13 orders. This is the result of mixing the ancient, apparently Tertiary and younger, Plio-Pleistocene elements of various origins, as well as the most recent anthropochore (= man-mediated) introductions. At the species and, partly, generic levels, the fauna is largely autochthonous and sylvicolous, formed through abounding in situ radiati...
3 CitationsSource
#1Sergei I. Golovatch (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 14
The diversity of Diplopoda in caves of southern China is remarkably high, often 5–6 species per cave, consisting mostly of local endemics and presumed troglobionts. These are evidently biased to just a few lineages, mainly members of the orders Chordeumatida and Callipodida, the families Cambalopsidae (Spirostreptida) and Haplodesmidae (Polydesmida) or the genera Pacidesmus, Epanerchodus and Glenniea (all Polydesmida, Polydesmidae), Trichopeltis (Polydesmida, Cryptodesmidae), Dexmoxytes (Polydes...
16 CitationsSource
#1Sergei I. GolovatchH-Index: 14
Last. Didier VandenSpiegelH-Index: 9
view all 3 authors...
In the Oriental Region, the large, basically Northern Hemisphere family Trichopolydesmidae is shown to currently comprise 18 genera and 43 species. Based mainly on gonopod structure, all of them, as well as the whole family, are (re)diagnosed, including five new genera and seven new species. These new taxa are keyed, also being the first to be described from Indochina in general and from Vietnam in particular: Aporodesmella gen. n., with three species: A. securiformis sp. n. (the type species), ...
3 CitationsSource
Two new species are described from caves in several Greek islands in the Aegean Sea: Galliocookia gracilis sp. n., a presumed troglobite from Rhodes, Dodecanese Islands, and Sphaeroparia simplex sp. n., likely a troglophile from Kithnos, Cyclades, and Chios, Eastern Sporades. These genera are assigned to the family Trichopolydesmidae Verhoeff, 1910. Because Sphaeroparia Attems, 1909, an Afrotropical genus, nicely bridges the gap, both morphologically and geographically, between the Euro-Mediterr...
4 CitationsSource