Morphology and mechanical properties of nanostructured thermoset/block copolymer blends with carbon nanoparticles

Published on Apr 1, 2015in Composites Part A-applied Science and Manufacturing6.444
· DOI :10.1016/J.COMPOSITESA.2015.01.010
Mario Martin-Gallego10
Estimated H-index: 10
(CSIC: Spanish National Research Council),
Raquel Verdejo44
Estimated H-index: 44
(CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)
+ 2 AuthorsQipeng Guo51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Deakin University)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Here we report the effect of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and thermally reduced graphene (TRG) on the miscibility, morphology and final properties of nanostructured epoxy resin with an amphiphilic poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(propylene oxide)-poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO-PPO-PEO) triblock copolymer. The addition of nanoparticles did not have any influence on the miscibility of PEO-PPO-PEO copolymer in the resin. However, MWCNTs and TRG reduced the degree of crystallinity of the PEO-rich microphases in the blends above 10 wt.% of copolymer while they did not change the phase morphology at the nanoscale, where PPO spherical domains of 20–30 nm were found in all the samples studied. A synergic effect between the self-assembled nanostructure and the nanoparticles on the toughness of the cured resin was observed. In addition, the nanoparticles minimized the negative effect of the copolymer on the elastic modulus and glass transition temperature in the resin.
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