β-Asarone prevents autophagy and synaptic loss by reducing ROCK expression in asenescence-accelerated prone 8 mice.

Published on Mar 13, 2014in Brain Research2.733
· DOI :10.1016/J.BRAINRES.2014.01.005
Yunbo Chen3
Estimated H-index: 3
(GU: Guangzhou University),
Gang Wei3
Estimated H-index: 3
(GU: Guangzhou University)
+ 14 AuthorsDong-Feng Chen6
Estimated H-index: 6
(GU: Guangzhou University)
Abstract β-Asarone is an active component of the Acori graminei rhizome that is a traditional Chinese medicine clinically used in treating dementia in China. However, the cognitive effect of β-asarone and its mechanism has remained elusive. Here, we used asenescence-accelerated prone 8 (SAMP8) mice, which mimic many of the salient features of Alzheimer׳s disease (AD), to further investigate whether modulation of the ROCK signaling pathway and/or autophagy, synaptic loss is involved in the effects of β-asarone on learning and memory. SAMP8 mice at the age of 6 months were intragastrically administered by β-asarone or a vehicle daily for 2 months. Senescence-accelerated-resistant (SAMR1) mice were used as the control. Our results demonstrate that autophagy and ROCK expression were increased significantly in 8 months SAMP8 mice, which were concomitant with that SAMP8 mice at the same age displayed a significant synaptic loss and cognitive deficits. The up-regulation of ROCK expression and autophage in the hippocampus of SAMP8 were significantly reduced by β-asarone, and prevents synaptic loss and improved cognitive function of the SAMP8 mice. β-asarone decreased neuronophagia and lipofuscin in the hippocampus of SAMP8 mice, but did not reduce Aβ42 levels and malondialdehyde levels and superoxide dismutase activities. Moreover, suppression of ROCK2 by siRNA significantly reduced the effects of β-asarone on the autophage and synaptic proteins expression in PC12 cells damage induced by Aβ 1–40 . Taken together, β-asarone prevents autophagy and synaptic loss by reducing ROCK expression in SAMP8 mice.
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