Review of Z phase precipitation in 9–12 wt-%Cr steels
Published on Mar 8, 2016in Materials Science and Technology1.92
· DOI :10.1179/1743284715Y.0000000066
For high temperature applications, 9–12 wt-%Cr steels in fossil fired power plants rely upon precipitate strengthening from (V,Nb)N MX nitrides for long term creep strength. During prolonged exposure at service temperature, another nitride precipitates: Cr(V,Nb)N Z phase. The Z phases lowly replace MX, eventually causing a breakdown in creep strength. The present paper reviews the Z phase and its behaviour in 9–12 wt-%Cr steels including thermodynamic modelling, crystal structure, nucleation process and precipitation rate as a function of chemical composition. The influence of Z phase precipitation upon long term creep strength is assessed from several different 9–12wt-%Cr steel grades and alloy design philosophies.