Phytochemistry
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Abstract null null The hydrocarbons of eight lichen species isolated in Japan were analyzed, and diverse mono-, di-, and tri-unsaturated alkenes were detected. The positions of the double bonds of C17 alkadienes (heptadecadiene) and C17–C20 alkenes were determined by mass spectrometry of their dimethyl disulfide adducts. We found that the six lichens containing green algal photobionts were distinguished by the presence of 1,8-heptadecadiene, 6,9-heptadecadiene, and 8- and 7-heptadecenes. On the ...
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#1Yang Liu (JUTCM: Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine)H-Index: 2
#2Jicheng Shu (JUTCM: Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine)H-Index: 8
Last. Rong-Hua Liu (JUTCM: Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine)H-Index: 9
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Abstract null null Seven undescribed neoflavonoids, named melanoxylonins A-G, were isolated from the heartwood of Dalbergia melanoxylon, and all the non-toxic isolates were evaluated for their cardioprotective effect against ischemia/reoxygenation (I/R) injury in H9c2 cells. Of these, melanoxylonin A-D containing the 8-OH group showed better potent cardioprotective effects than the other four congeners. Molecular docking studies confirmed the capacity of melanoxylonin D to interact with the myel...
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Two undescribed anthocyanins and two undescribed flavonols were isolated from the flowers of Primula ×polyantha Mill., along with five known anthocyanins and four known flavonols. The two undescribed anthocyanins and the two undescribed flavonols were determined to be hirsutidin 3-O-β-galactopyranoside-5-O-β-glucopyranoside, 7-O-methyl-petunidin 3-O-β-galactopyranoside-5-O-β-glucopyranoside, quercetin 3-O-β-[(6""-acetylglucopyranosyl)-(1 → 2)-β-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 6)-β-glucopyranoside], and kaem...
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Daphnetin, a biologically active coumarin derivative found in plants of the genus Daphne, is a potent antioxidant phenolic compound. The present work describes the mechanisms and kinetics of the HO, NO, HOO, and NO2 scavenging activities of daphnetin in physiological environments using quantum chemistry calculations. The main antiradical mechanisms have been studied: formal hydrogen transfer (FHT), sequential electron transfer proton transfer (SETPT), sequential proton loss electron transfer (SP...
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#1Zeinab Y. Al Subeh (UNCG: University of North Carolina at Greensboro)H-Index: 3
#2Huzefa A. Raja (UNCG: University of North Carolina at Greensboro)H-Index: 32
Last. Nicholas H. Oberlies (UNCG: University of North Carolina at Greensboro)H-Index: 59
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Abstract null null Three previously undescribed diketomorpholine natural products, along with the known phenalenones, herqueinone and norherqueinone, were isolated from the mycoparasitic fungal strain G1071, which was identified as a Penicillium sp. in the section Sclerotiora. The structures were established by analyzing NMR data and mass spectrometry fragmentation patterns. The absolute configurations of deacetyl-javanicunine A, javanicunine C, and javanicunine D, were assigned by examining ECD...
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Hydroxycinnamic acid amides (HCAAs) are involved in stress-induced defense in many plant species. Barley accumulates high concentrations of HCAAs irrespective of exogenous stressors, while other major cereals such as wheat and rice accumulate relatively low levels of HCAAs in intact tissues. The primary HCAA species in barley are biosynthesized by agmatine p-coumaroyltransferase (ACT), an N-acyltransferase of the BAHD superfamily. However, the molecular basis underlying barley's uniquely high HC...
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#1Mona El-Aasr (Tanta University)H-Index: 8
#2Duaa Eliwa (University of Mississippi)H-Index: 1
Last. Samir A. Ross (University of Mississippi)H-Index: 37
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Abstract null null Simple isoquinoline alkaloids (heliamine, dehydroheliamine), a phthalide isoquinoline alkaloid noscapine, and an aporphine alkaloid boldine are biosynthetically derived from an amino acid tyrosine. These substrates and a simple synthetic isoquinoline alkaloid (2-acetyl-7-amino-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline) contain an isoquinoline nucleus. The biotransformation of these substrates via reduction, oxidation, hydroxylation, and N-oxidation reactions with different microorganism ...
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Abstract null null The spittlebugs Philaenus spumarius and Neophilaenus campestris (Hemiptera: Aphrophoridae) are xylem-feeder insects that have been identified as vectors of Xylella fastidiosa in Europe. In the present study, we aim to identify volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that may act as semiochemicals for these species. Using the dynamic headspace technique, we collected VOCs from Olea europaea L. and Polygala myrtifolia L., highly susceptible plant species to X. fastidiosa, Pinus halepe...
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#1Gayatri Bakshi (MU: University of Mumbai)
#2Laxmi Ananthanarayan (MU: University of Mumbai)H-Index: 18
Abstract null null Proteins acting as powerful inhibitors of plant pectin methylesterase and polygalacturonase were isolated from whole lemon fruits (Citrus limon L.). Pectin methylesterase inhibitor (PMEI) and polygalacturonase inhibitor protein (PGIP) were purified using DEAE Sepharose column, resulting in fold purity of 89.13 and 81.16 and having a molecular mass of 35 and 38 kDa, respectively as estimated using SDS-PAGE and MALDI-TOF mass spectroscopy. The optimum pH of purified PMEI and PGI...
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#1Hirofumi Enomoto (Teikyo University)H-Index: 15
#2Koji Miyamoto (Teikyo University)H-Index: 17
Abstract Jasmonic acid (JA) and its precursors are oxylipins derived from α-linolenic acid (αLA). Presumably, they are involved in the regulation of seed embryogenesis, dormancy, and germination. However, their spatial localization in the developing Phaseolus vulgaris L. (common bean) seeds has not been fully elucidated. Therefore, desorption electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry imaging (DESI-MSI) was performed to investigate their localization in the developing seeds. Peaks corresponding t...
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