Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
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#1Jian Wei (WHU: Wuhan University)
#2Yinxian Wen (WHU: Wuhan University)H-Index: 5
Last. Liaobin Chen (WHU: Wuhan University)H-Index: 24
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The eradication rate of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) caused by methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is still not satisfactory by systemic vancomycin administration in one-stage revision arthroplasty. This study aimed to explore the effectiveness and safety of intra-articular injection of vancomycin in the control of MRSA-PJI after one-stage revision surgery in a rat model. Two weeks of intra-peritoneal (IP) and/or intra-articular (IA) injection of vancomycin were applied to...
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#1Bertrand Nyuykonge (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)H-Index: 2
#2Lukas van Amelsvoort (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)
Last. Wendy W. J. van de Sande (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)H-Index: 29
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For many fungal infections, in vitro susceptibility testing is used to predict if an isolate is resistant or susceptible to the antifungal agent used to treat the fungal infection. For Madurella mycetomatis, the main causative agent of mycetoma, in vitro susceptibility testing currently is not performed on a routine basis. The current in vitro susceptibility testing method is labor intensive and sonication must be done to generate a hyphal inoculum. For endpoint visualization, expensive viabilit...
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#1Catherine Li (BIDMC: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center)
#2Nicholas J Mercuro (BIDMC: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center)H-Index: 5
Last. Christopher McCoy (BIDMC: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center)H-Index: 12
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In 2018, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a Drug Safety Communication regarding fluoroquinolone-associated aortic aneurysm. This quasi-experimental study assessed antibiotic prescribing for 198 hospitalized patients with diabetic foot infection. Following the warning, median inpatient fluoroquinolone days of therapy (DOT) decreased from 3 to 0 days (P < 0.001), corresponding with increased beta-lactam DOT and OPAT enrollment. FDA communications may influence antibiotic...
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#1Thitiya Yungyuen (MU: Mahidol University)H-Index: 3
#2Tanittha Chatsuwan (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 13
Last. Nuntra Suwantarat (Hodges University)H-Index: 5
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A large-scale surveillance is an important measure to monitor the regional spread of antimicrobial resistance. We prospectively studied the prevalence and molecular characteristics of clinically important Gram-negative bacilli, including Escherichia coli (EC), Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP), Acinetobacter baumannii complex (ABC), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) from blood, respiratory tract, urine, and sterile sites at 47 hospitals across Thailand. Among 187,619 isolates, 93,810 isolates (50.0%) wer...
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#1Edgar I. Campos-Madueno (University of Bern)H-Index: 3
#2Aline I Moser (University of Bern)H-Index: 2
Last. Andrea Endimiani (University of Bern)H-Index: 54
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The spread of plasmid-mediated carbapenemases within Klebsiella oxytoca is well-documented. In contrast, data concerning the closely-related species Klebsiella grimontii are scarce. In fact, despite the recent report of the first blaKPC-2-producing K. grimontii, nothing is known about its clonality and antibiotic resistance patterns. In a retrospective search in our collection, we identified 2 blaVIM-positive K. oxytoca strains. Whole-genome sequencing with both Illumina and Nanopore indicated t...
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#1Benjamin Gaborit (French Institute of Health and Medical Research)H-Index: 8
#2Eric DaillyH-Index: 21
Last. Marie-Anne VibetH-Index: 8
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Objective: We assessed the pharmacokinetics and safety of XAV-19, a swine glyco-humanized polyclonal antibody against SARS-CoV-2, in COVID-19-related moderate pneumonia. To evaluate the optimal dose and safety of XAV-19 during this first administration to patients with COVID-19-related moderate pneumonia. Methods: In this phase 2a trial, adults with COVID-19-related moderate pneumonia of ≤10 days duration were randomized to infusion of XAV-19 0.5mg/kg at day 1 and day 5 (group 1), 2mg/kg at day ...
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#1Jim Werngren (Public Health Agency of Sweden)H-Index: 10
#2Mikael Mansjö (Public Health Agency of Sweden)H-Index: 9
Last. Lina Davies Forsman (KI: Karolinska Institutet)H-Index: 8
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Heteroresistance is defined as the coexistence of both susceptible and resistant bacteria in a bacterial population. Previously published data show that it may occur in 9-57% of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates for various drugs. Pyrazinamide (PZA) is an important first-line drug used for treatment of both drug-susceptible and PZA-susceptible multidrug-resistant TB. Clinical PZA resistance is defined as a proportion of resistant bacteria in the isolate exceeding 10%, when the drug is no longe...
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#1Nawarat Somprasong (NAU: Northern Arizona University)
#1Nawarat Somprasong (NAU: Northern Arizona University)
Last. Herbert P. Schweizer (NAU: Northern Arizona University)H-Index: 11
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Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) and Burkholderia pseudomallei complex (Bpc) species include pathogens that are typically multidrug resistant. Dominant intrinsic and acquired multidrug resistance mechanisms are efflux mediated by pumps of the resistance nodulation cell division (RND) family. From comparative bioinformatic and, in many instances, functional studies we infer that RND pump-based resistance mechanisms are conserved in Burkholderia. We propose to use these findings as a foundation ...
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#1Amit Desai (CGD: Center for Global Development)H-Index: 16
#2Melanie Helmick (CGD: Center for Global Development)
Last. Nancy Martin (CGD: Center for Global Development)H-Index: 8
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For critically ill patients with invasive fungal infections, administration of isavuconazonium sulfate (ISAVUSULF) via nasogastric (NG) tube can be an alternative route of drug administration. This was a randomized, open-label, 2-period, 2-sequence single-dose crossover study comparing single doses of 372 mg ISAVUSULF intravenous (IV) solution via NG tube (test formulation) to 372 mg ISAVUSULF capsules for oral administration (reference formulation) in healthy male and female subjects. A single ...
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#1Irene Gonzalez-Jimenez (ISCIII: Carlos III Health Institute)H-Index: 2
#2Rocio Garcia-Rubio (ISCIII: Carlos III Health Institute)H-Index: 9
Last. Emilia Mellado (ISCIII: Carlos III Health Institute)H-Index: 65
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Drug resistance is a worldwide problem affecting all pathogens. The human fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus coexists in the environment with other fungi targeted by crop protection compounds being unintentionally exposed to the selective pressure of multiple antifungal classes leading to the selection of resistant strains. A. fumigatus azole resistant isolates are emerging in both the clinical and environmental setting. Since their approval, azole drugs have dominated the clinical treatment ...
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