Cognitive Psychology
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#1Shota Momma (UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst)
Abstract null null In a sentence like Who does the artist think chased the chef?, the who at the beginning depends on the last bit of the sentence, chased the chef. This is an instance of a long-distance dependency. What is the nature of the cognitive process that allows speakers to produce sentences that include distant elements that form dependencies? In four experiments, speakers described drawings that elicited long-distance dependencies. Critically, speakers were sometimes primed to produce...
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#1Judith H. Danovitch (University of Louisville)H-Index: 11
#2Candice M. Mills (UTD: University of Texas at Dallas)H-Index: 16
Last. Allison J. Williams (University of Louisville)H-Index: 1
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Abstract null null Children rely on others’ explanations to learn scientific concepts, yet sometimes the explanations they receive are incomplete. Three studies explore how receiving incomplete or complete explanations influences children’s subsequent interest and engagement in learning behaviors to obtain additional information about a topic. Children ages 7–10 (N = 275; 49% female, 51% male; 55% white) viewed question-and-answer exchanges about animal behaviors that included either a complete ...
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#1Ran Zhou (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 1
#2Jay I. Myung (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 17
Last. Mark A. Pitt (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 40
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Abstract null null The Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) is a sequential decision making paradigm that assesses risk-taking behavior. Several computational models have been proposed for the BART that characterize risk-taking propensity. An aspect of task performance that has proven challenging to model is the learning that develops from experiencing wins and losses across trials, which has the potential to provide further insight into risky decision making. We developed the Scaled Target Learnin...
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#1Hannah J. Kramer (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 8
#2Deborah Goldfarb (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 8
Last. Kristin Hansen Lagattuta (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 27
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Abstract null null Across three studies (N = 607), we examined people’s use of a dichotomizing heuristic—the inference that characteristics belonging to one group do not apply to another group—when making judgments about novel social groups. Participants learned information about one group (e.g., “Zuttles like apples”), and then made inferences about another group (e.g., “Do Twiggums like apples or hate apples?”). Study 1 acted as a proof of concept: Eight-year-olds and adults (but not 5-year-ol...
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#1Hilary E. Miller-Goldwater (Emory University)
#2Lucy Cronin-Golomb (Emory University)H-Index: 1
Last. Patricia J. Bauer (Emory University)H-Index: 61
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Abstract null null Self-derivation of novel facts through integration of memory content is fundamental to acquiring new knowledge and a means of building a semantic knowledge base. It involves combining memory content acquired across separate episodes of learning to generate new knowledge that was not explicitly taught in either episode. To self-derive, one needs to reactivate earlier learned memory content upon exposure to related content and then integrate the learning episodes. Previous resea...
1 CitationsSource
#1Langenhoff AfH-Index: 1
#2Alex Wiegmann (RUB: Ruhr University Bochum)H-Index: 7
Last. Tobias GerstenbergH-Index: 14
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3 CitationsSource
#1Tianmin Shu (MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)H-Index: 10
#2Yujia Peng (PKU: Peking University)H-Index: 5
Last. Hongjing Lu (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 22
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One of the great feats of human perception is the generation of quick impressions of both physical and social events based on sparse displays of motion trajectories. Here we aim to provide a unified theory that captures the interconnections between perception of physical and social events. A simulation-based approach is used to generate a variety of animations depicting rich behavioral patterns. Human experiments used these animations to reveal that perception of dynamic stimuli undergoes a grad...
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#1Lorenzo Ciccione (Collège de France)H-Index: 1
#2Stanislas Dehaene (Université Paris-Saclay)H-Index: 162
Abstract null null Despite the widespread use of graphs, little is known about how fast and how accurately we can extract information from them. Through a series of four behavioral experiments, we characterized human performance in “mental regression”, i.e. the perception of statistical trends from scatterplots. When presented with a noisy scatterplot, even as briefly as 100 ms, human adults could accurately judge if it was increasing or decreasing, fit a regression line, and extrapolate outside...
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A popular explanation of the human ability for physical reasoning is that it depends on a sophisticated ability to perform mental simulations. According to this perspective, physical reasoning problems are approached by repeatedly simulating relevant aspects of a scenario, with noise, and making judgments based on aggregation over these simulations. In this paper, we describe three core tenets of simulation approaches, theoretical commitments that must be present in order for a simulation approa...
1 CitationsSource
#1Alex L. Jones (Swansea University)H-Index: 13
#2Robin S. S. Kramer (University of Lincoln)H-Index: 19
Abstract Existing models of facial first impressions indicate between two and four factors that underpin all social trait judgements. Here, we submitted several large databases of these first impression ratings to unsupervised learning algorithms with the aim of clustering together faces, rather than traits, to examine the ways in which impressions may be grouped together. Experiment 1 revealed two clusters of faces that exist in both a full-dimensional, and two- or three-factor representations,...
1 CitationsSource
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