Waste and Biomass Valorization
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#1Sherin Peter (University of Toulouse)H-Index: 1
#2Nathalie Lyczko (University of Toulouse)H-Index: 16
Last. Sabu Thomas (Mahatma Gandhi University)H-Index: 114
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Chitin and chitosan are the second most abundant natural biopolymers in the curst of the earth. These polysaccharide biopolymers have a long linear chain-like structure connected with β-d glucosidic linkage with the functionalizable surface groups. Because of the structural features, these biomaterials exhibit unique physical, chemical, mechanical and optical properties, which contributed to the tunable and outstanding properties such as low density, high porosity, renewability, natural biodegra...
9 CitationsSource
#1Jannie S.J. van Deventer (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 66
#2Claire E. White (Princeton University)H-Index: 21
Last. Rupert J. Myers (Imperial College London)H-Index: 21
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This review will show that low-CO2 cements can be produced to give superior durability, based on a sound understanding of their microstructure and how it impacts macro-engineering properties. For example, it is essential that aluminium is available in calcium-rich alkali-activated systems to offset the depolymerisation effect of alkali cations on C-(N-)A-S-H gel. The upper limit on alkali cation incorporation into a gel greatly affects mix design and source material selection. A high substitutio...
1 CitationsSource
#1Sarita Shrestha (Lakehead University)H-Index: 1
#2Aristide Laurel Mokale Kognou (Lakehead University)H-Index: 2
Last. Wensheng Qin (Lakehead University)H-Index: 28
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The plant matter, lignocellulosic biomass, is a renewable and inexpensive abundant natural resource in the world. The development of inexhaustible energy rehabilitated from agricultural waste is an alternative for fossil fuel to reduce CO2 emission and prevent global warming. The amount of waste generated has a direct correlation with the human population. Thus, the waste generated by the community is being added to the environment as the municipal, agricultural waste, and waste produced from fo...
2 CitationsSource
To move today’s agricultural and urban systems towards tomorrow’s circular economy and respond to climate change, it is imperative to turn organic residues and wastewater into resourceful assets. This article discusses the changes that are needed in research to drive this paradigm shift and to go from a “losses and waste” situation to a “resource and opportunities” ambition. The current lines of research aim to maximise the use and value of biomass or organic residues and wastewater and propose ...
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#1Ângela Maria Santiago (State University of Paraíba)H-Index: 3
#2Líbia De Sousa Conrado Oliveira (UFCG: Federal University of Campina Grande)H-Index: 6
Last. Pablícia Oliveira Galdino (State University of Paraíba)H-Index: 3
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The objective of the present work was to produce exo-polygalacturonase by solid-state fermentation of the dehydrated peels of umbu (Spondias tuberosa) using Aspergillus niger CCT 0916 and then, using a biphasic aqueous system, recover the enzyme. The peels were dehydrated at 55 °C to obtain the dried residue and then used to produce the exo-polygalacturonase using Aspergillus niger CCT 0916 and solid-state fermentation. During the 72 h fermentation, the pH, reducing sugars, and the exo-polygalac...
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#1Siddhi PatilH-Index: 1
#2Vaibhavi PimpleyH-Index: 1
Last. Pushpa S. MurthyH-Index: 14
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#1Hareenanden Ramasawmy (UoM: University of Mauritius)H-Index: 2
#2Jaykumar Chummun (UoM: University of Mauritius)H-Index: 2
Last. P. D. Emrith (UoM: University of Mauritius)
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This study describes an investigation into the variation of the tensile strength of maize stem fibres at different growth stages of the plant. In this context, the fibres were all extracted manually, and in some cases preceded by a water retting process for 10 days. The variation of the tensile strength and chemical functional groups among four common maize varieties were determined. The fibres were characterised by performing tensile test, density & linear density tests, Fourier Transform infra...
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#1Shivali Banerjee (Monash University, Clayton campus)H-Index: 3
#2Ranganathan Vijayaraghavan (Monash University, Clayton campus)H-Index: 27
Last. Amit Arora (IITB: Indian Institute of Technology Bombay)H-Index: 19
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The present study aims to recover value-added products from fresh pineapple processing wastes in an integrated biorefinery. Bromelain, a therapeutic protease, was extracted from pineapple by-products via an aqueous, low-temperature process. Bromelain-free biomass was rich in insoluble fibre and was further fractionated into hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin. The highest content of active bromelain was obtained from pineapple core waste of the different varieties namely, Smooth Cayenne (~ 1.9 ±...
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Organic chemistry
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Pulp and paper industry
Biofuel
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