Brain and behavior
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#1Damion J. Grasso (UConn: University of Connecticut)H-Index: 20
#2Margaret J. Briggs-Gowan (UConn: University of Connecticut)H-Index: 48
Last. Julian D. Ford (UConn: University of Connecticut)H-Index: 72
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The COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound impact on the lives of individuals, families, and communities around the world with constraints on multiple aspects of daily life. The purpose of the present study was to identify specific profiles of pandemic-related experiences and their relation to psychosocial functioning using the 92-item Epidemic-Pandemic Impacts Inventory (EPII). Data were collected as part of a cross-sectional, online survey of adults (18+) residing in the Northeast region of the ...
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#1Jens Peter Hansen (CMHS: Mental Health Services)H-Index: 6
#2Tessa Quirina Bang van Sas (University of Southern Denmark)
Last. Allan HvolbyH-Index: 7
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The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in national lockdowns in several countries. Previous global epidemics led to an increase in the number of psychiatric patients presenting symptoms of anxiety or depression. Knowledge about the impact of early lockdown initiatives during the COVID-19 pandemic on the number of healthcare interactions is sparse. Contacts in this study include all recorded face-to-face (FTF) and virtual treatment interactions between patients and healthcare systems. Aim null To investi...
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#1Ruben C. Gur (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 148
#2Tyler M. Moore (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 37
Last. Daniel E. McGinn (Children's Hospital of Philadelphia)H-Index: 7
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Intelligence quotient (IQ) testing is standard for evaluating cognitive abilities in genomic studies but requires professional expertise in administration and interpretation, and IQ scores do not translate into insights on implicated brain systems that can link genes to behavior. Individuals with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) often undergo IQ testing to address special needs, but access to testing in resource-limited settings is challenging. The brief Penn Computerized Neurocognitive Bat...
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Last. Yan Wang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 81
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Background null Methionine has been proven to inhibit addictive behaviors of cocaine dependence. However, the mechanism of methionine response to cocaine CPP is unknown. Recent evidence highlights piRNAs to regulate genes via a miRNA-like mechanism. Here, next-generation sequencing is used to study mechanism on methionine response to drug-induced behaviors though piRNA. null Methods null l-methionine treatment cocaine CPP animal model was used to do non-coding RNA sequencing. There were four gro...
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#1Anthony G Pacholko (U of S: University of Saskatchewan)H-Index: 3
#2Lane K. Bekar (U of S: University of Saskatchewan)H-Index: 20
Bipolar disorder (BD) poses a significant public health concern, with roughly one-quarter of sufferers attempting suicide. BD is characterized by manic and depressive mood cycles, the recurrence of which can be effectively curtailed through lithium therapy. Unfortunately, the most frequently employed lithium salt, lithium carbonate (Li2 CO3 ), is associated with a host of adverse health outcomes following chronic use: these unwanted effects range from relatively minor inconveniences (e.g., polyd...
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#1Sofia Kanavou (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 2
#2Vanessa Pitz (Glas.: University of Glasgow)H-Index: 1
Last. Donald G. Grosset (Glas.: University of Glasgow)H-Index: 56
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OBJECTIVES Hyposmia is a common feature of Parkinson's disease (PD), yet there is no standard method to define it. A comparison of four published methods was performed to explore and highlight differences. MATERIALS AND METHODS Olfactory testing was performed in 2097 cases of early PD in two prospective studies. Olfaction was assessed using various cut-offs, usually corrected by age and/or gender. Control data were simulated based on the age and gender structure of the PD cases and published nor...
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#1José Bourbon-Teles (UC: University of Coimbra)H-Index: 2
#2Lília Jorge (UC: University of Coimbra)H-Index: 4
Last. Miguel Castelo-Branco (UC: University of Coimbra)H-Index: 36
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BACKGROUND Functional neuroimaging studies have identified a set of nodes in the occipital-temporal cortex that preferentially respond to faces in comparison with other visual objects. By contrast, the processing of places seems to rely on parahippocampal cortex and structures heavily implicated in memory (e.g., the hippocampus). It has been suggested that human aging leads to decreased neural specialization of core face and place processing areas and impairments in face and place perception. ME...
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#1Simone Grassini (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 10
#2Karin Laumann (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 15
Last. Virginia de Martin Topranin (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 1
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Sense of presence has been often explored in the context of virtual reality (VR) and immersive visual technologies; however, standardized and objective measures of the sense of presence have been difficult to find. Studies attempting to find physiological correlates of sense presence using electroencephalography (EEG) have reported mixed results. In the present study, we used brain event-related potentials (ERPs) elicited by auditory stimuli to identify an objective physiological index of sense ...
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#1Allon Vishkin (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 5
#2Gabriel Horenczyk (HUJI: Hebrew University of Jerusalem)H-Index: 21
Last. Pazit Ben-Nun Bloom (HUJI: Hebrew University of Jerusalem)H-Index: 13
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A key distinction in motivational processes is between motivations and the means for pursuing motivations. Despite being a motivated process, existing models of acculturation do not make this distinction, neither empirically nor theoretically. A motivational framework that is informed by theories of goal constructs to understand the process of acculturation is proposed. This model is tested in two distinct samples comprising immigrants from the former Soviet Union to Israel (N = 239) as well as ...
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#1Peter Mukli (University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center)H-Index: 9
#2Tamas Csipo (University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center)H-Index: 15
Last. Jeremy M. Kellawan (University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center)
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Sleep deprivation (SD) is known to be associated with decreased cognitive performance; however, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. As interactions between distinct brain regions depend on mental state, functional brain networks established by these connections typically show a reorganization during task. Hence, analysis of functional connectivity (FC) could reveal the task-related change in the examined frontal brain networks. Our objective was to assess the impact of SD on static ...
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