Science Translational Medicine
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#1Ankit N. Khambhati (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 16
#2Alia Shafi (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 1
Last. Edward F. Chang (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 79
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Responsive neurostimulation (RNS) devices, able to detect imminent seizures and to rapidly deliver electrical stimulation to the brain, are effective in reducing seizures in some patients with focal epilepsy. However, therapeutic response to RNS is often slow, is highly variable, and defies prognostication based on clinical factors. A prevailing view holds that RNS efficacy is primarily mediated by acute seizure termination; yet, stimulations greatly outnumber seizures and occur mostly in the in...
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#1Ronglai Shen (MSK: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center)H-Index: 52
#2Michael A. Postow (Cornell University)H-Index: 75
Last. Liwei Jia (UTSW: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center)
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Immune checkpoint blocking antibodies are a cornerstone in cancer treatment; however, they benefit only a subset of patients and biomarkers to guide immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) treatment choices are lacking. We designed this study to identify blood-based correlates of clinical outcome in ICB-treated patients. We performed immune profiling of 188 ICB-treated patients with melanoma using multiparametric flow cytometry to characterize immune cells in pretreatment peripheral blood. A supervised...
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#1Martyn Jones ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 7
#2Evan Rogers (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 1
Last. Stephen B. McMahon ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 117
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Chronic pain remains a leading cause of disability worldwide, and there is still a clinical reliance on opioids despite the medical side effects associated with their use and societal impacts associated with their abuse. An alternative approach is the use of electrical neuromodulation to produce analgesia. Direct current can block action potential propagation but leads to tissue damage if maintained. We have developed a form of ultra low frequency (ULF) biphasic current and studied its effects. ...
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#1Brian Belmontes (Amgen)H-Index: 4
#2Deepali V. Sawant (Amgen)H-Index: 15
Last. Jason Eng (Amgen)
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Therapeutic approaches are needed to promote T cell-mediated destruction of poorly immunogenic, "cold" tumors typically associated with minimal response to immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy. Bispecific T cell engager (BiTE) molecules induce redirected lysis of cancer cells by polyclonal T cells and have demonstrated promising clinical activity against solid tumors in some patients. However, little is understood about the key factors that govern clinical responses to these therapies. Using...
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#1Thomas Tapmeier (John Radcliffe Hospital)H-Index: 1
#2Nilufer Rahmioglu (University of Oxford)H-Index: 21
Last. Ronald A. Harris (BCM: Baylor College of Medicine)H-Index: 6
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Endometriosis is a common chronic inflammatory condition causing pelvic pain and infertility in women, with limited treatment options and 50% heritability. We leveraged genetic analyses in two species with spontaneous endometriosis, humans and the rhesus macaque, to uncover treatment targets. We sequenced DNA from 32 human families contributing to a genetic linkage signal on chromosome 7p13-15 and observed significant overrepresentation of predicted deleterious low-frequency coding variants in N...
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#1Rebecca Herzog (Medical University of Vienna)H-Index: 10
#2Juan Manuel Sacnun (Medical University of Vienna)
Last. Krisztina Rusai (Medical University of Vienna)H-Index: 18
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Life-saving renal replacement therapy by peritoneal dialysis (PD) is limited in use and duration by progressive impairment of peritoneal membrane integrity and homeostasis. Preservation of peritoneal membrane integrity during chronic PD remains an urgent but long unmet medical need. PD therapy failure results from peritoneal fibrosis and angiogenesis caused by hypertonic PD fluid (PDF)–induced mesothelial cytotoxicity. However, the pathophysiological mechanisms involved are incompletely understo...
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#2Sara E VazquezH-Index: 6
Last. Richard K. Perez (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 3
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Neutralizing autoantibodies against type I interferons (IFNs) have been found in some patients with critical coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). However, the prevalence of these antibodies, their longitudinal dynamics across the disease severity scale, and their functional effects on circulating leukocytes remain unknown. Here, in 284 patients with COVID-19, we found type I IFN-specific autoantibodies in periphe...
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#1Balakrishna Koneru (TTUHSC: Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center)H-Index: 4
#2Ahsan Farooqi (TTUHSC: Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center)H-Index: 2
Last. Aaron Smith (AstraZeneca)H-Index: 12
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Cancers overcome replicative immortality by activating either telomerase or an alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) mechanism. ALT occurs in ~25% of high-risk neuroblastomas, and progression in patients with ALT neuroblastoma during or after front-line therapy is frequent and often fatal. Temozolomide + irinotecan is commonly used as salvage therapy for neuroblastoma. Patient-derived cell lines and xenografts established from patients with relapsed ALT neuroblastoma demonstrated de novo re...
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#1Zachary F. Caffall (Duke University)H-Index: 3
#2Bradley J. Wilkes (UF: University of Florida)H-Index: 6
Last. Samarjit Patnaik (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 18
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Dystonias are a group of chronic movement–disabling disorders for which highly effective oral medications or disease-modifying therapies are lacking. The most effective treatments require invasive procedures such as deep brain stimulation. In this study, we used a high-throughput assay based on a monogenic form of dystonia, DYT1 (DYT-TOR1A), to screen a library of compounds approved for use in humans, the NCATS Pharmaceutical Collection (NPC; 2816 compounds), and identify drugs able to correct m...
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#1Chiara Villa (Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico)H-Index: 28
#2Mariella Legato (Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico)H-Index: 1
Last. Dario Barni (University of Milano-Bicocca)
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Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is caused by the reduced expression of the mitochondrial protein frataxin (FXN) due to an intronic GAA trinucleotide repeat expansion in the FXN gene. Although FRDA has no cure and few treatment options, there is research dedicated to finding an agent that can curb disease progression and address symptoms as neurobehavioral deficits, muscle endurance, and heart contractile dysfunctions. Because oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunctions are implicated in FRDA, we de...
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