Science Translational Medicine
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#1Jenna J. Guthmiller (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 14
#2Julianna Han (Scripps Research Institute)H-Index: 6
Last. Patrick C. Wilson (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 63
view all 20 authors...
Broadly neutralizing antibodies are critical for protection against both drifted and shifted influenza viruses. Here, we reveal that first exposure to the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus recalls memory B cells that are specific to the conserved receptor-binding site (RBS) or lateral patch epitopes of the hemagglutinin (HA) head domain. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) generated against these epitopes are broadly neutralizing against H1N1 viruses spanning 40 years of viral evolution and provide po...
1 CitationsSource
#1Xi Wang (Cornell University)H-Index: 7
#2Kristina G. Maxwell (WashU: Washington University in St. Louis)H-Index: 5
Last. Minglin Ma (Cornell University)H-Index: 40
view all 17 authors...
Transplantation of stem cell-derived β (SC-β) cells represents a promising therapy for type 1 diabetes (T1D). However, the delivery, maintenance, and retrieval of these cells remain a challenge. Here, we report the design of a safe and functional device composed of a highly porous, durable nanofibrous skin and an immunoprotective hydrogel core. The device consists of electrospun medical-grade thermoplastic silicone-polycarbonate-urethane and is soft but tough (~15 megapascal at a rupture strain ...
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#1Giorgia CarecciaH-Index: 4
#2Marielle Saclier (University of Milan)H-Index: 5
Last. Emilie VenereauH-Index: 11
view all 24 authors...
Muscular dystrophies (MDs) are a group of genetic diseases characterized by progressive muscle wasting associated to oxidative stress and persistent inflammation. It is essential to deepen our knowledge on the mechanism connecting these two processes because current treatments for MDs have limited efficacy and/or are associated with side effects. Here, we identified the alarmin high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) as a functional link between oxidative stress and inflammation in MDs. The oxidation ...
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X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD), a potentially fatal neurometabolic disorder with no effective pharmacological treatment, is characterized by clinical manifestations ranging from progressive spinal cord axonopathy [adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN)] to severe demyelination and neuroinflammation (cerebral ALD-cALD), for which molecular mechanisms are not well known. Leriglitazone is a recently developed brain penetrant full PPARγ agonist that could modulate multiple biological pathways relevant f...
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#1Chenxi Qiu (BIDMC: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center)H-Index: 8
#2Onder Albayram (BIDMC: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center)H-Index: 17
Last. Kun Ping Lu (BIDMC: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center)H-Index: 81
view all 25 authors...
Compelling evidence supports vascular contributions to cognitive impairment and dementia (VCID) including Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the underlying pathogenic mechanisms and treatments are not fully understood. Cis P-tau is an early driver of neurodegeneration resulting from traumatic brain injury, but its role in VCID remains unclear. Here, we found robust cis P-tau despite no tau tangles in patients with VCID and in mice modeling key aspects of clinical VCID, likely because of the inhibitio...
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Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) not only are specialized in their capacity to secrete large amounts of type I interferon (IFN) but also serve to enable both innate and adaptive immune responses through expression of additional proinflammatory cytokines, chemokines, and costimulatory molecules. Persistent activation of pDCs has been demonstrated in a number of autoimmune diseases. To evaluate the potential benefit of depleting pDCs in autoimmunity, a monoclonal antibody targeting the pDC-spec...
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#1Jianneng Li (Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute)H-Index: 14
#2Michael Berk (Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute)H-Index: 129
Last. Nima Sharifi (Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute)H-Index: 32
view all 11 authors...
Prostate cancer resistance to next-generation hormonal treatment with enzalutamide is a major problem and eventuates into disease lethality. Biologically active glucocorticoids that stimulate glucocorticoid receptor (GR) have an 11β-OH moiety, and resistant tumors exhibit loss of 11β-HSD2, the oxidative (11β-OH → 11-keto) enzyme that normally inactivates glucocorticoids, allowing elevated tumor glucocorticoids to drive resistance by stimulating GR. Here, we show that up-regulation of hexose-6-ph...
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#1Katelyn E. Sadler (MCW: Medical College of Wisconsin)H-Index: 4
#2Francie Moehring (MCW: Medical College of Wisconsin)H-Index: 8
Last. Cheryl L. Stucky (MCW: Medical College of Wisconsin)H-Index: 53
view all 12 authors...
Tactile and spontaneous pains are poorly managed symptoms of inflammatory and neuropathic injury. Here, we found that transient receptor potential canonical 5 (TRPC5) is a chief contributor to both of these sensations in multiple rodent pain models. Use of TRPC5 knockout mice and inhibitors revealed that TRPC5 selectively contributes to the mechanical hypersensitivity associated with CFA injection, skin incision, chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy, sickle cell disease, and migraine, all ...
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#1Ari W. Schaler (Columbia University)H-Index: 2
#2Avery M. Runyan (Columbia University)
Last. Natura Myeku (Columbia University)H-Index: 4
view all 10 authors...
Accumulation of pathological tau in synapses has been identified as an early event in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and correlates with cognitive decline in patients with AD. Tau is a cytosolic axonal protein, but under disease conditions, tau accumulates in postsynaptic compartments and presynaptic terminals, due to missorting within neurons, transsynaptic transfer between neurons, or a failure of clearance pathways. Using subcellular fractionation of brain tissue from rTg4510 tau transgenic mice wi...
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#1Aurore Touzart (DKFZ: German Cancer Research Center)H-Index: 10
#2Anand Mayakonda (DKFZ: German Cancer Research Center)H-Index: 1
Last. Vahid Asnafi (French Institute of Health and Medical Research)H-Index: 14
view all 18 authors...
Adult "T cell" acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive hematological malignancy that is associated with poor outcomes, requiring additional therapeutic options. The DNA methylation landscapes of adult T-ALL remain undercharacterized. Here, we systematically analyzed the DNA methylation profiles of normal thymic-sorted T cell subpopulations and 143 primary adult T-ALLs as part of the French GRAALL 2003-2005 trial. Our results indicated that T-ALL is epigenetically heterogeneous cons...
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