European Respiratory Review
Papers 1,242
1 page of 125 pages (1,242 results)
Effective restoration of extensive tracheal damage arising from cancer, stenosis, infection or congenital abnormalities remains an unmet clinical need in respiratory medicine. The trachea is a 10-11 cm long fibrocartilaginous tube of the lower respiratory tract, with 16-20 tracheal cartilages anterolaterally and a dynamic trachealis muscle posteriorly. Tracheal resection is commonly offered to patients suffering from short-length tracheal defects, but replacement is required when the trauma exce...
#1Antonella LoMauro (Politecnico di Milano)H-Index: 14
#2Andrea Aliverti (Politecnico di Milano)H-Index: 46
Sex is a biological concept determined at conception. Gender is a social concept. Medicine recognises sex as a biological variable and recommends including sex as a factor in clinical practice norms and as a topic of bench and clinical research. Sex plays a role in respiratory physiology according to two pathways: hormones and anatomy, with females characterised by smaller dimensions at every level of the respiratory system. Sex hormones also play specific roles in lung inflammatory processes, b...
The diagnosis of a mediastinal mass may be challenging for clinicians, since lesions arising within the mediastinum include a variety of disease entities, frequently requiring a multidisciplinary approach. Age and sex represent important information, which need to be integrated with imaging and laboratory findings. In addition, the location of the mediastinal lesion is fundamental; indeed, we propose to illustrate mediastinal diseases based on the compartment of origin. We consider that this str...
#1Romain Muller (AMU: Aix-Marseille University)H-Index: 2
#2Paul Habert (AMU: Aix-Marseille University)H-Index: 6
Last. Antoinette PerlatH-Index: 11
view all 16 authors...
Objective null Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a rare orphan disease. Lung, pleura, pericardium, mediastinum, aorta and lymph node involvement has been reported with variable frequency and mostly in Asian studies. The objective of this study was to describe thoracic involvement assessed by high-resolution thoracic computed tomography (CT) in Caucasian patients with IgG4-RD. null Methods null Thoracic CT scans before treatment were retrospectively collected through the French case ...
#1Sabine J. Behrend (LMU: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München)H-Index: 1
#2Georgia A. Giotopoulou (LMU: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München)H-Index: 5
Last. Georgios T. Stathopoulos (LMU: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München)H-Index: 30
view all 4 authors...
The cellular origin of lung adenocarcinoma remains a focus of intense research efforts. The marked cellular heterogeneity and plasticity of the lungs, as well as the vast variety of molecular subtypes of lung adenocarcinomas perplex the field and account for the extensive variability of experimental results. While most experts would agree on the cellular origins of other types of thoracic tumours, great controversy exists on the tumour-initiating cells of lung adenocarcinoma, since this histolog...
#1Robert A. Wise (Johns Hopkins Medicine)H-Index: 104
#2Mona Bafadhel (University of Oxford)H-Index: 30
Last. Fernando J. Martinez (NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital)H-Index: 151
view all 16 authors...
Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) have a class effect of increasing pneumonia risk in patients with COPD. However, pneumonia incidence varies widely across clinical trials of ICS use in COPD. This review clarifies methodological differences in defining and recording pneumonia events in these trials and discusses factors that could contribute to the varying pneumonia incidence. Literature searches and screening yielded 40 relevant references for inclusion. Methods used to capture pneumonia events in ...
#1Sauer A (University Hospital Bonn)H-Index: 1
#2Konrad Peukert (University Hospital Bonn)H-Index: 1
Last. Christian Bode (University Hospital Bonn)H-Index: 9
view all 4 authors...
First described in the mid-1960s, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening form of respiratory failure with an overall mortality rate of approximately 40%. Despite significant advances in the understanding and treatment of ARDS, no substantive pharmacologic therapy has proven to be beneficial, and current management continues to be primarily supportive. Beyond their antibacterial activity, several antibiotics such as macrolides and tetracyclines exert pleiotropic immunomo...
#1Eline Schillebeeckx (University of Antwerp)H-Index: 1
Last. Kevin Lamote (University of Antwerp)H-Index: 9
view all 3 authors...
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is characterised by late-stage diagnosis and poor prognosis. Currently, no screening tool is advocated and diagnosis is based on invasive techniques, which are not well tolerated. Non-invasive diagnostic biomarkers have shown potential and could have a huge clinical benefit. However, despite extensive research, there is no consensus yet on their clinical use, with many articles reporting contradicting results, limiting their clinical implementation. The aim o...
#1Nowrin U. Chowdhury (Vanderbilt University)H-Index: 2
#2Vamsi P. GunturH-Index: 9
Last. Michael E. WechslerH-Index: 58
view all 4 authors...
Asthma is a heterogenous disease, and its prevalence and severity are different in males versus females through various ages. As children, boys have an increased prevalence of asthma. As adults, women have an increased prevalence and severity of asthma. Sex hormones, genetic and epigenetic variations, social and environmental factors, and responses to asthma therapeutics are important factors in the sex differences observed in asthma incidence, prevalence and severity. For women, fluctuations in...
#1Qianting Lv (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)
#2Bernadette Elders (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)H-Index: 2
Last. Harm A.W.M. Tiddens (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)H-Index: 55
view all 6 authors...
In people with cystic fibrosis (PwCF), viscous sputum and dysfunction of the mucociliary escalator leads to early and chronic infections. The prevalence of Aspergillus fumigatus in sputum is high in PwCF and the contribution of A. fumigatus to the progression of structural lung disease has been reported. However, overall, relatively little is known about the contribution of A. fumigatus to CF lung disease. More knowledge is needed to aid clinical decisions on whether to start antifungal treatmen...
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