Developmental Science
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#1Michael T. Rizzo (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 10
#2Emily R. Green (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 1
Last. Marjorie Rhodes (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 28
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Racism remains a pervasive force around the world with widespread and well documented harmful consequences for members of marginalized racial groups. The psychological biases that maintain structural and interpersonal racism begin to emerge in early childhood, but with considerable individual variation - some children develop more racial bias than others. The present study (N = 116; 4-year-old children) provides novel insights into the developmental mechanisms underlying the emergence of racial ...
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#1Xin Yang (Yale University)H-Index: 3
#2Ragnhild Naas (University of Bath)
Last. Yarrow Dunham (Yale University)H-Index: 25
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When seeking to explain social regularities (such as gender differences in the labor market) people often rely on internal features of the targets, frequently neglecting structural and systemic factors external to the targets. For example, people might think women leave the job market after childbirth because they are less competent or are better suited for child-rearing than men, thereby eliding socio-cultural and economic factors that disadvantage women. Across two studies (total N = 192) we p...
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#1Maria M. Arredondo (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 8
#2Richard N. Aslin (Haskins Laboratories)H-Index: 80
Last. Janet F. Werker (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 83
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A bilingual environment is associated with changes in the brain's structure and function. Some suggest that bilingualism also improves higher-cognitive functions in infants as young as 6-months, yet whether this effect is associated with changes in the infant brain remains unknown. In the present study, we measured brain activity using functional near-infrared spectroscopy in monolingual- and bilingual-raised 6- and 10-month-old infants. Infants completed an orienting attention task, in which a ...
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#1Aditi Sabhlok (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 2
Last. Kathryn Paige Harden (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 10
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#1Ferdinand Hoffmann (Humboldt University of Berlin)
#2Charlotte Grosse Wiesmann (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 5
Last. Nikolaus Steinbeis (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 3
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Childhood is marked by profound changes in prosocial behaviour. The underlying motivational mechanisms remain poorly understood. We investigated the development of altruistically motivated helping in middle childhood and the neurocognitive and -affective mechanisms driving this development. 127 6-12 year-old children performed a novel gustatory costly helping task designed to measure altruistic motivations of helping behaviour. Neurocognitive and -affective mechanisms including emotion regulatio...
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A theoretical distinction exists between the cool and hot aspects of executive function (EF). At the neural level, cool EF may be associated with activation in the lateral prefrontal cortex and the anterior cingulate cortex, whereas the orbitofrontal cortex may play a key role in hot EF. However, some recent studies have shown that young children show activity in the lateral prefrontal regions during hot EF tasks, suggesting that the distinction between hot and cool EF may not be as marked. Neve...
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#1Amy M. Lieberman (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 8
#2Allison Fitch (RIT: Rochester Institute of Technology)
Last. Arielle Borovsky (Purdue University)H-Index: 15
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Word learning in young children requires coordinated attention between language input and the referent object. Current accounts of word learning are based on spoken language, where the association between language and objects occurs through simultaneous and multimodal perception. In contrast, deaf children acquiring American Sign Language (ASL) perceive both linguistic and non-linguistic information through the visual mode. In order to coordinate attention to language input and its referents, de...
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#1Alicia Forsberg (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 4
#2Dominic Guitard (U de M: Université de Moncton)H-Index: 3
Last. Nelson Cowan (MU: University of Missouri)H-Index: 92
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We explored the causal role of individual and age-related differences in working memory (WM) capacity in long-term memory (LTM) retrieval. Our sample of 160 participants included 120 children (6-13-years old) and 40 young adults (18-24 years). Participants performed a WM task with images of unique everyday items, presented at varying set sizes. Subsequently, we tested participants' LTM for items from the WM task. Using these measures, we estimated the ratio at which items successfully held in WM...
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#1Curtis Ostertag (U of C: University of Calgary)
#2Jess E. Reynolds (U of C: University of Calgary)H-Index: 11
Last. Catherine Lebel (U of C: University of Calgary)H-Index: 32
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Reading disorders are common in children and can impact academic success, mental health, and career prospects. Reading is supported by network of interconnected left hemisphere brain regions, including temporo-parietal, occipito-temporal, and inferior-frontal circuits. Poor readers often show hypoactivation and reduced gray matter volumes in this reading network, with hyperactivation and increased volumes in the posterior right hemisphere. We assessed gray matter development longitudinally in pr...
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#1Margaret Addabbo (University of Milan)H-Index: 5
#2Elisa Roberti (University of Milan)H-Index: 1
Last. Chiara Turati (University of Milan)H-Index: 10
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Already inside the womb, fetuses frequently bring their hands to the mouth, anticipating hand-to-mouth contact by opening the mouth. Here, we explored whether 2-day-old newborns discriminate between hand actions directed towards different targets of the face-that is, a thumb that reaches the mouth and a thumb that reaches the chin. Newborns looked longer towards the thumb-to-mouth compared to the thumb-to-chin action only in the presence, and not absence, of anticipatory mouth opening movements,...
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Top fields of study
Child development
Developmental psychology
Psychology
Cognition
Cognitive psychology
Social psychology