Human Brain Mapping
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5.04
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5,503
Papers 5,433
1 page of 544 pages (5,433 results)
#1Yongbin Wei (VU: VU Amsterdam)H-Index: 8
#2Siemon C. de Lange (VU: VU Amsterdam)H-Index: 10
Last. Martijn P. van den Heuvel (VU: VU Amsterdam)H-Index: 53
view all 8 authors...
Multiscale integration of gene transcriptomic and neuroimaging data is becoming a widely used approach for exploring the molecular underpinnings of large-scale brain organization in health and disease. Proper statistical evaluation of determined associations between imaging-based phenotypic and transcriptomic data is key in these explorations, in particular to establish whether observed associations exceed "chance level" of random, nonspecific effects. Recent approaches have shown the importance...
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#1Saampras Ganesan (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 2
#2Jinglei Lv (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 20
Last. Andrew Zalesky (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 54
view all 3 authors...
Behavioral traits are rarely considered in task-evoked functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies, yet these traits can affect how an individual engages with the task, and thus lead to heterogeneity in task-evoked brain responses. We aimed to investigate whether interindividual variation in behavior associates with the accuracy of predicting task-evoked changes in the dynamics of functional brain connectivity measured with functional MRI. We developed a novel method called multi-timepoi...
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#1Jeremy L. Smith (Emory University)H-Index: 4
#2Anna Trofimova (Emory University)H-Index: 5
Last. Jason W. Allen (Emory University)H-Index: 6
view all 9 authors...
Convergent clinical and neuroimaging evidence suggests that higher vestibular function is subserved by a distributed network including visuospatial, cognitive-affective, proprioceptive, and integrative brain regions. Clinical vestibular syndromes may perturb this network, resulting in deficits across a variety of functional domains. Here, we leverage structural and functional neuroimaging to characterize this extended network in healthy control participants and patients with post-concussive vest...
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#1Cortney M. Howard (Duke University)H-Index: 1
#2Shivangi Jain (Duke University)H-Index: 4
Last. David J. Madden (Duke University)H-Index: 52
view all 9 authors...
Brain iron dyshomeostasis disrupts various critical cellular functions, and age-related iron accumulation may contribute to deficient neurotransmission and cell death. While recent studies have linked excessive brain iron to cognitive function in the context of neurodegenerative disease, little is known regarding the role of brain iron accumulation in cognitive aging in healthy adults. Further, previous studies have focused primarily on deep gray matter regions, where the level of iron depositio...
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#1Qiongdan Liang (THU: Tsinghua University)H-Index: 1
#2Bozhen Zhang (THU: Tsinghua University)H-Index: 1
Last. Fei Wang (THU: Tsinghua University)H-Index: 102
view all 5 authors...
The Self-Attention Network (SAN) has been proposed to describe the underlying neural mechanism of the self-prioritization effect, yet the roles of the key nodes in the SAN-the left posterior superior temporal sulcus (LpSTS) and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)-still need to be clarified. One hundred and nine participants were randomly assigned into the LpSTS group, the DLPFC group, or the sham group. We used the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) technique to selectively disrupt t...
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#1Angus B. Inkster (University of Plymouth)H-Index: 3
#2Fraser Milton (University of Exeter)H-Index: 19
Last. Andy J. Wills (University of Plymouth)H-Index: 20
view all 5 authors...
The inverse base rate effect (IBRE) is a nonrational behavioral phenomenon in predictive learning. Canonically, participants learn that the AB stimulus compound leads to one outcome and that AC leads to another outcome, with AB being presented three times as often as AC. When subsequently presented with BC, the outcome associated with AC is preferentially selected, in opposition to the underlying base rates of the outcomes. The current leading explanation is based on error-driven learning. A key...
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#1khodadadifar TH-Index: 1
#2Zahra SoltaninejadH-Index: 2
Last. Masoud TahmasianH-Index: 24
view all 10 authors...
Ineffective use of adaptive cognitive strategies (e.g., reappraisal) to regulate emotional states is often reported in a wide variety of psychiatric disorders, suggesting a common characteristic across different diagnostic categories. However, the extent of shared neurobiological impairments is incompletely understood. This study, therefore, aimed to identify the transdiagnostic neural signature of disturbed reappraisal using the coordinate-based meta-analysis (CBMA) approach. Following the best...
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#1Stéphane DoyenH-Index: 5
#2Peter J NicholasH-Index: 1
Last. Michael E. SughrueH-Index: 53
view all 7 authors...
For over a century, neuroscientists have been working toward parcellating the human cortex into distinct neurobiological regions. Modern technologies offer many parcellation methods for healthy cortices acquired through magnetic resonance imaging. However, these methods are suboptimal for personalized neurosurgical application given that pathology and resection distort the cerebrum. We sought to overcome this problem by developing a novel connectivity-based parcellation approach that can be appl...
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#1Hirofumi Tomiyama (Kyushu University)H-Index: 4
#2Keitaro Murayama (Kyushu University)H-Index: 7
Last. Tomohiro Nakao (Kyushu University)H-Index: 21
view all 12 authors...
Recent evidence suggests that presupplementary motor area (pre-SMA) and inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) play an important role in response inhibition. However, no study has investigated the relationship between these brain networks at resting-state and response inhibition in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). We performed resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scans and then measured the response inhibition of 41 medication-free OCD patients and 49 healthy control (HC) participants b...
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#1Caitlin Hall (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 3
#2Ben J. Harrison (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 4
Last. Luca Cocchi (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 31
view all 9 authors...
There is growing recognition that the composition of the gut microbiota influences behaviour, including responses to threat. The cognitive-interoceptive appraisal of threat-related stimuli relies on dynamic neural computations between the anterior insular (AIC) and the dorsal anterior cingulate (dACC) cortices. If, to what extent, and how microbial consortia influence the activity of this cortical threat processing circuitry is unclear. We addressed this question by combining a threat processing...
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