Changes in Alpha-fetoprotein, Phosphorus, Calcium, and Metabolic Hormones in Goats had Singleton, Twin, and Triplet Pregnancy

Published on Apr 1, 2022in European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery7.069
· DOI :10.21608/EJVS.2021.84970.1249
Omnia El-sayed , Mohamed kandil1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Banha University)
+ 2 AuthorsSally Ibrahim5
Estimated H-index: 5
The present study aimed to clarify the alternations in alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), phosphorus (Ph), calcium (Ca), and metabolic hormones (Growth hormones (GH), insulin, and thyroid gland hormones) in singleton, twin, and triplet pregnancy in goats. Animals were examined for pregnancy ultrasonographically during mid-pregnancy (6-14 weeks of gestation), and were classified conferring to litter size into singleton (n =55), twin (n=25) and triple (n=6) pregnancy, and non-pregnant status (n=64). Blood samples (5 ml) were collected before ultrasound examination and serum was separated for analysis of alpha-fetoprotein, phosphorus, calcium, and GH, insulin, T3, and T4. The current data showed that the fetal numbers markedly influenced AFP, Ph, Ca, GH, insulin, T3 levels, but did not affect T4 and Ph/Ca ratio. AFP levels were higher in twin (P< 0.05) and triple (P< 0.001) bearing does than in non-pregnant does (56.00±5.00 and 87.00±1.90 vs 3.80±.051 ng/ml). Phosphorus and Ca levels declined with pregnancy, with the substantial decreased in multiple feti compared with non-pregnant does. Growth hormone imminently raised in twine and triple fetuses than non-pregnant does. Insulin levels elevated in triple compared to non- pregnant and singleton (P< 0.005). Serum free T3 levels were lower in single and twin bearing does than non-pregnancy. In conclusion, fetal number markedly influenced the dam metabolic profile and mineral homostatis through altering AFP and metabolic hormones levels during pregnancy in goats.
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#2Margit Kulcsár (Szent István University)H-Index: 23
Last. P. Rudas (Szent István University)H-Index: 14
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After briefly introducing the basec steps in production and metabolism of thyroid hormones, the author gives an overview of nutritional, metabolic and disease related factors and endocrine interactions influ - encing thyroid gland function in ruminants, particularly in the postpartum dairy cow. Involvement of thyroid hormonal regulation of seasonal patterns of reproduction as well as ovarian endocrine function are discussed.
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This study investigates the level of alpha fetoprotein (AFP) in female blood Serum living in Islamabad and Rawalpindi areas. Retrospective study will be taken as well as see how the diagnosis test will be taken. Data was collected from national institute of health Islamabad NIH. After collection data was arranged in tabulated form and will be subjected to appropriate statistical analysis. Level of AFP in female used as fetal growth marker and as tumor marker. Serum was tested by using Elecsys201...
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#2Lisiane Dorneles de Lima (UNESP: Sao Paulo State University)H-Index: 6
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#2Y U Hu (Jiangnan University)H-Index: 1
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#2Heba M. El-Khaiat (Banha University)H-Index: 3
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Pregnancy toxemia was induced in nine pregnant goat does with twins by the stress of fasting with access to water in late pregnancy to investigate the effect of pregnancy toxemia on immunoglobulins (IgA, IgM, and IgG), cortisol, insulin, thyroid, and growth hormones and their correlations with the plasma levels of glucose and 𝛽-Hydroxybutyrate. Plasma samples were collected at 0, 12, 24, 36, 48, and 72 hours after induction of pregnancy toxemia. The result revealed that experimental animals dev...
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