Impact of prior antibiotic therapy on severe necrotizing soft-tissue infections in ICU patients: results from a French retrospective and observational study

Published on Oct 9, 2021in European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases3.267
· DOI :10.1007/S10096-021-04354-8
Sébastien Tanaka6
Estimated H-index: 6
(French Institute of Health and Medical Research),
Michael Thy2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Paris)
+ 11 AuthorsPhilippe Montravers62
Estimated H-index: 62
(University of Paris)
Necrotizing soft-tissue infection (NSTI) is a life-threatening pathology that often requires management in intensive care unit (ICU). Therapies consist of early diagnosis, adequate surgical source control, and antimicrobial therapy. Whereas guidelines underline the need for appropriate routine microbiological cultures before starting antimicrobial therapy in patients with suspected sepsis or septic shock, delaying adequate therapy also strongly increases mortality. The aim of the present study was to compare the characteristics and outcomes of patients hospitalized in ICU for NSTI according to their antimicrobial therapy exposure > 24 h before surgery (called the exposed group) or not (called the unexposed group) before surgical microbiological sampling. We retrospectively included 100 consecutive patients admitted for severe NSTI. The exposed group consisted of 23(23%) patients, while 77(77%) patients belonged to the unexposed group. The demographic and underlying disease conditions were similar between the two groups. Microbiological cultures of surgical samples were positive in 84 patients and negative in 16 patients, including 3/23 (13%) patients and 13/77 (17%) patients in the exposed and unexposed groups, respectively (p = 0.70). The distribution of microorganisms was comparable between the two groups. The main antimicrobial regimens for empiric therapy were also similar, and the proportions of adequacy were comparable (n = 60 (84.5%) in the unexposed group vs. n = 19 (86.4%) in the exposed group, p = 0.482). ICU and hospital lengths of stay and mortality rates were similar between the two groups. In conclusion, in a population of severe ICU NSTI patients, antibiotic exposure before sampling did not impact either culture sample positivity or microbiological findings.
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