Cryoballoon left atrial roof ablation for persistent atrial fibrillation ∼Analysis with high-resolution mapping system∼.
Published on Aug 24, 2021in Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology1.303
· DOI :10.1111/PACE.14345
BACKGROUND Additional benefit of cryoballoon left atrial roof line ablation (CB-RA) beyond cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation (CB-PVI) is suggested in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (PsAF). We sought to investigate the feasibility of CB-RA for PsAF and to determine the ablation area. METHODS AND RESULTS Fifty-three PsAF patients (67[58.5-75.5] years, 36 men, 11 longstanding PsAF) underwent CB-PVI. Subsequently, 44(83.0%) out of 53 patients underwent additional CB-RA. Voltage maps were created in all patients with a high-resolution mapping system. The total number and duration of CB-RAs were 3.9±0.7 and 468±84 seconds. LA roof areas were complete low voltage areas (LVAs) /scar in 37/44(84.1%) patients ("complete roof modification"). The normal LA posterior wall (LAPW) voltage area was 6.1(4.1-8.4)cm2, and the %LAPW isolation area was 61.0(47.2-71.7)%. The %LAPW isolation area was significantly greater in CB-RA patients than those without (64.0[54.2-73.2] vs. 45.0[39.5-50.5]%, p = 0.041) despite significantly larger LAs in the former group. The %LAPW isolation area was significantly greater in patients with transverse LA diameters <45 mm than those ≥45 mm (p<0.0001). The single procedure 1-year AF freedom was 87.4% (22.5% on antiarrhythmic drug) and tended to be higher in CB-RA patients than those without. Among the 44 CB-RA patients, it was significantly higher in patients with a complete roof modification than those without (94.4% vs. 75.0%, p = 0.0049). One CB-RA patient experienced a delayed cardiac tamponade requiring drainage at 4-months post-procedure. CONCLUSIONS CB-RA significantly expanded the LAPW isolation area, and a complete roof modification resulted in a high arrhythmia freedom in PsAF patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.