Performance Evaluation of SpliceAI for the Prediction of Splicing of NF1 Variants

Published on Aug 25, 2021in Genes3.759
· DOI :10.3390/GENES12091308
Changhee Ha , Jong-Won Kim38
Estimated H-index: 38
(SMC: Samsung Medical Center),
Ja-Hyun Jang9
Estimated H-index: 9
Neurofibromatosis type 1, characterized by neurofibromas and cafe-au-lait macules, is one of the most common genetic disorders caused by pathogenic NF1 variants. Because of the high proportion of splicing mutations in NF1, identifying variants that alter splicing may be an essential issue for laboratories. Here, we investigated the sensitivity and specificity of SpliceAI, a recently introduced in silico splicing prediction algorithm in conjunction with other in silico tools. We evaluated 285 NF1 variants identified from 653 patients. The effect on variants on splicing alteration was confirmed by complementary DNA sequencing followed by genomic DNA sequencing. For in silico prediction of splicing effects, we used SpliceAI, MaxEntScan (MES), and Splice Site Finder-like (SSF). The sensitivity and specificity of SpliceAI were 94.5% and 94.3%, respectively, with a cut-off value of Δ Score > 0.22. The area under the curve of SpliceAI was 0.975 (p < 0.0001). Combined analysis of MES/SSF showed a sensitivity of 83.6% and specificity of 82.5%. The concordance rate between SpliceAI and MES/SSF was 84.2%. SpliceAI showed better performance for the prediction of splicing alteration for NF1 variants compared with MES/SSF. As a convenient web-based tool, SpliceAI may be helpful in clinical laboratories conducting DNA-based NF1 sequencing.
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High throughput sequencing technologies have revolutionized the identification of mutations responsible for a diverse set of Mendelian disorders, including inherited retinal disorders (IRDs). However, the causal mutations remain elusive for a significant proportion of patients. This may be partially due to pathogenic mutations located in non-coding regions, which are largely missed by capture sequencing targeting the coding regions. The advent of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) allows us to system...
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