Developing Cutoff Scores for the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) in Justice-Involved and Community Samples.

Published on Aug 23, 2021in Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology4.964
· DOI :10.1080/15374416.2021.1955371
Emily C Kemp6
Estimated H-index: 6
(LSU: Louisiana State University),
Paul J. Frick107
Estimated H-index: 107
(ACU: Australian Catholic University)
+ 7 AuthorsElizabeth Cauffman65
Estimated H-index: 65
(University of California, Berkeley)
Source
Abstract
Objective: The recent addition of the callous-unemotional (CU) traits specifier, "with Limited Prosocial Emotions (LPE)," to major classification systems has prompted the need for assessment tools that aid in the identification of elevations on these traits for diagnostic purposes. The goal of the current study was to use and evaluate multiple methods for establishing cutoff scores for the multi-informant questionnaire, the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU).Method: The present study compared the clinical utility of various proposed cutoff methods and scores (i.e., empirically derived cutoffs using receiver operating characteristic (ROC), normative cutoffs, and rational scoring approximations of LPE criteria) in both a longitudinal sample of justice-involved male adolescents (N = 1,216; Mage = 15.29, SD = 1.29) and a cross-sectional sample of school children (N = 289; Mage = 11.47 years; SD = 2.26).Results: Methods resulted in a range of cutoff scores with substantial diagnostic overlap and validity. Specifically, they designated justice-involved adolescents at risk for later delinquency, aggression, and rearrests, and they designated school children more likely to be rated by parents and teacher as having conduct problems and rated by peers as being rejected and mean.Conclusions: The results lead to ranges of ICU scores that have support for their validity and can help to guide clinical decisions about children and adolescents who may be elevated on CU traits.
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References41
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#1Chrystalla Koutsogiorgi (UCY: University of Cyprus)H-Index: 3
#2Alexandros Lordos (UCY: University of Cyprus)H-Index: 7
Last. Michalis P. Michaelides (UCY: University of Cyprus)H-Index: 17
view all 4 authors...
The factorial structure of the Inventory of Callous Unemotional Traits (ICU) is currently under dispute. The present study aims to test the factorial structure of a Greek adaptation of the ICU by c...
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#1Kathrin Ueno (Goethe University Frankfurt)H-Index: 2
#2Katharina Ackermann (Goethe University Frankfurt)H-Index: 8
Last. Christina Schwenck (Goethe University Frankfurt)H-Index: 16
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Background: This article reports reliability, validity, and norms for the German version of the multi-informant questionnaire Inventory of Callous–Unemotional Traits (ICU). Method: The ICU was filled in by nonreferred children aged 13 to 18 years old (n = 645), parents of children aged 6 to 18 years old (n = 1,005), and their teachers (n = 955). Results: Confirmatory factor analysis resulted in a two-factor solution giving the best fit. Still none of the models showed an adequate model-fit apply...
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#1Tatiana M. MatlaszH-Index: 2
#2Paul J. Frick (ACU: Australian Catholic University)H-Index: 107
Last. Julia E. Clark (LSU: Louisiana State University)H-Index: 2
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The current study investigated the social and interpersonal correlates of callous-unemotional (CU) traits using peer nominations. Participants (N = 289) were children in Grades 3, 6, and 8 (M age =...
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OBJECTIVE With the addition of the "with limited prosocial emotions" specifier within the diagnosis of conduct disorder (DSM-5) and of conduct-dissocial disorder (ICD-11) to designate those with elevated callous-unemotional traits, the authors examined the role that callous-unemotional traits play in the risk for gun carrying and gun use during a crime in a sample at high risk for gun violence. METHODS Male juvenile offenders (N=1,215) from three regions of the United States were assessed after ...
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#1David J. Hawes (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 37
#2Eva R. Kimonis (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 40
Last. Mark R. Dadds (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 89
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Support for the clinical importance of callous and unemotional (CU) traits has grown considerably in recent years, yet tools for the assessment of CU traits in clinical settings have largely been limited to questionnaires. This study examined the validity of the Clinical Assessment of Prosocial Emotions (CAPE 1.1), a newly developed clinician-rating measure of CU traits in children and adolescents. Participants were children aged 3 to 15 years (N = 82; 75% male) who were referred for treatment o...
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#1Elise M. Cardinale (Georgetown University)H-Index: 12
#2Abigail A. Marsh (Georgetown University)H-Index: 42
In the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, a Limited Prosocial Emotions specifier was added to the conduct disorder diagnostic criteria to designate a subgro...
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#1Sören KliemH-Index: 26
#2Anna LohmannH-Index: 5
Last. Dirk Baier (Zürcher Fachhochschule)H-Index: 19
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Callous-unemotional (CU) traits represent the affective components of the psychopathy construct and show a strong relationship to violence and conduct-disorder in children. The Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) is the current standard to assess CU traits. Despite the ICU having originally been constructed as a four-dimensional instrument, several studies found a three-factorial structure in combination with a general ICU-factor to be the best fitting factor-model. An imbalance in the...
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#1Satomi Yoshida (Hirosaki University)H-Index: 2
#2Masaki Adachi (Hirosaki University)H-Index: 7
Last. Kazuhiko Nakamura (Hirosaki University)H-Index: 51
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In this study, we assessed the factor structure and construct validity of the parent-reported Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) among school-aged children and adolescents, aged 6 to 15 years, in a community setting in Japan (n = 10,936). We investigated 15 models that have been reported in previous studies and used confirmatory factor analyses to determine a model that might actually be the best-fit among these. We then examined the correlations between the score of ICU and the Stren...
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#1Rebecca Waller (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 25
#2Arielle R. Baskin-Sommers (Yale University)H-Index: 29
Last. Luke W. Hyde (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 34
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Among high-risk youth, those with high levels of callous unemotional (CU) traits show more severe and chronic forms of antisocial behavior. Although ecological models have linked factors across multiple domains of risk to broader antisocial behavior development, fewer studies have adopted this approach in relation to understanding the unique development of CU traits. Further, a paucity of evidence exists from studies that have examined predictors of trajectories of CU traits. In the current stud...
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#1Amanda D. Emmert (TU: Towson University)H-Index: 3
#2Gina Penly Hall (University at Albany, SUNY)H-Index: 4
Last. Alan J. Lizotte (University at Albany, SUNY)H-Index: 30
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This article examines whether weapon carrying influences the frequency and variety of violent, property, and drug delinquency adolescents commit through fixed-effects analyses of data from the Rochester Youth Development Study (RYDS). We conclude that weapon carrying contributes to violent, substance, and property delinquency, and delinquent behaviors learned during weapon carrying continue to affect substance and property delinquency long after carrying has ceased.
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