Atrial Fibrillation Population Screening.
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with adverse outcomes. Screening may lead to earlier recognition and treatment of asymptomatic AF. However, most evidence regarding AF applies to clinical AF, with symptoms or electrocardiographic diagnosis. Whether this evidence can be translated toward subclinical AF, without symptoms and detected by novel, more continuous screening devices is uncertain. The diagnostic yield of screening is determined by the screening population, tool, duration and frequency. Longer and more frequent screening in a higher risk population leads to more effective screening. New devices based on photoplethysmography and single-lead electrocardiography increase convenience and the likelihood of cost-effectiveness.