High-contrast plasmonic-enhanced shallow spin defects in hexagonal boron nitride for quantum sensing

Published on Sep 2, 2021in arXiv: Quantum Physics
· DOI :10.1021/ACS.NANOLETT.1C02495
Xingyu Gao14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Purdue University),
Boyang Jiang2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 9 AuthorsYong P. Chen64
Estimated H-index: 64
Sources
Abstract
The recently discovered spin defects in hexagonal boron nitride (hBN), a layered van der Waals material, have great potential in quantum sensing. However, the photoluminescence and the contrast of the optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) of hBN spin defects are relatively low so far, which limits their sensitivity. Here we report a record-high ODMR contrast of 46\%at room temperature, and simultaneous enhancement of the photoluminescence of hBN spin defects by up to 17-fold by the surface plasmon of a gold-film microwave waveguide. Our results are obtained with shallow boron vacancy spin defects in hBN nanosheets created by low-energy He^+ion implantation, and a gold-film microwave waveguide fabricated by photolithography. We also explore the effects of microwave and laser powers on the ODMR, and improve the sensitivity of hBN spin defects for magnetic field detection. Our results support the promising potential of hBN spin defects for nanoscale quantum sensing.
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