When Problem Solving Followed by Instruction Works: Evidence for Productive Failure:

Published on Jun 18, 2021in Review of Educational Research
· DOI :10.3102/00346543211019105
Tanmay Sinha11
Estimated H-index: 11
(ETH Zurich),
Manu Kapur25
Estimated H-index: 25
(ETH Zurich)
When learning a new concept, should students engage in problem solving followed by instruction (PS-I) or instruction followed by problem solving (I-PS)? Noting that there is a passionate debate abo...
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#1Tanmay Sinha (ETH Zurich)H-Index: 11
#2Manu Kapur (ETH Zurich)H-Index: 25
Abstract Although Productive Failure has shown to be effective (Kapur, 2016; Loibl, Roll, & Rummel, 2017), it is not clear if failure in problem-solving is necessary. Initial work in a quasi-experimental setting suggests that explicitly designing for experiences of failure leads to better learning outcomes than designing for success. We build on this to report on a controlled experimental study where students are exposed to failure-driven, success-driven, or no explicit scaffolding in problem-so...