Sensitive detection and quantification of SARS-CoV-2 in saliva.

Published on Jun 14, 2021in Scientific Reports4.38
· DOI :10.1038/S41598-021-91835-7
Mustafa Fatih Abasiyanik7
Estimated H-index: 7
(U of C: University of Chicago)
Sources
Abstract
Saliva has significant advantages as a test medium for detection of SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients, such as ease of collection, minimal requirement of supplies and trained personnel, and safety. Comprehensive validation in a large cohort of prospectively collected specimens with unknown SARS-CoV-2 status should be performed to evaluate the potential and limitations of saliva-based testing. We developed a saliva-based testing pipeline for detection of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acids using real-time reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) and droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) readouts, and measured samples from 137 outpatients tested at a curbside testing facility and 29 inpatients hospitalized for COVID-19. These measurements were compared to the nasal swab results for each patient performed by a certified microbiology laboratory. We found that our saliva testing positively detects 100% (RT-PCR) and 93.75% (ddPCR) of curbside patients that were identified as SARS-CoV-2 positive by the Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) certified nasal swab testing assay. Quantification of viral loads by ddPCR revealed an extremely wide range, with 1 million-fold difference between individual patients. Our results demonstrate for both community screening and hospital settings that saliva testing reliability is on par with that of the nasal swabs in detecting infected cases, and has potential for higher sensitivity when combined with ddPCR in detecting low-abundance viral loads that evade traditional testing methods.
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Abstract Objectives Amid the increasing number of pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases, there is a need for a quick and easy method to obtain a non-invasive sample for the detection of this novel coronavirus 2019 (SARS-CoV-2). We aimed to investigate the potential use of saliva samples as a non-invasive tool for the diagnosis of COVID-19. Methods From 27 March to 4 April, 2020, we prospectively collected saliva samples and a standard nasopharyngeal and throat swab in persons seekin...
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Bone tissue engineering has emerged as a promising alternative therapy for patients who suffer bone fractures or defects caused by trauma, congenital diseases or tumours. However, the reconstruction of bone defects combined with osteoporosis remains a great challenge for clinicians and researchers. Based on our previous study, Ca-Si-based bioceramics (MSCs) showed enhanced bone formation capabilities under normal conditions, and strontium was demonstrated to be therapeutic in promoting bone qual...
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Cited By1
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BACKGROUND: The use of nasopharyngeal (NP) swabs as a specimen collection method to diagnose SARS-CoV-2 infection is frequently perceived as uncomfortable by patients and requires trained personnel. In this study, detection rate of SARS-CoV-2 in mouthwash samples and buccal swabs were compared in both children and adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In patients admitted to hospital with confirmed COVID-19 within the previous 72 hours, NP and buccal swabs as well as mouthwash samples were collected. RT...
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#2Maria Izabel Florindo Guedes (State University of Ceará)H-Index: 18
Last. Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz (UFPEL: Universidade Federal de Pelotas)H-Index: 13
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This study aimed to systematically review the literature about the virucidal efficacy of CHX in comparison to other substances used in the oral cavity. Electronic searches were performed in four databases (PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Web of Science). Only studies that presented the following characteristics were included: (1) verified virucidal efficacy of CHX against Herpes Simplex Type-1 (HSV-1), any Influenza, or any human coronavirus (HcoV); and (2) compared the virucidal efficacy of CHX wit...
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#10Brian L. Harry (Anschutz Medical Campus)
Real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) remains the foundation of SARS-CoV-2 testing due to its accessibility, scalability, and superior assay performance. Variability in specimens and methods prevent standardization of RT-qPCR assays and reliable quantitative reporting to assess viral load. We developed an extraction-free RT-qPCR assay for detection of SARS-CoV-2 in saliva and monitored viral load until convalescence in COVID-19 patients. Comparison of 2...
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