Isogeometric analysis of size-dependent Bernoulli–Euler beam based on a reformulated strain gradient elasticity theory

Published on Sep 1, 2021in Computers & Structures3.664
· DOI :10.1016/J.COMPSTRUC.2021.106577
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Abstract
Abstract null null In this paper, we present an efficient and accurate numerical approach for static bending and free vibration analyses of microstructure-dependent Bernoulli-Euler beams. The current approach includes strain gradient, couple stress (rotation gradient) and velocity gradient effects simultaneously through a reformulated strain gradient elasticity, which applies only one material parameter for each gradient effect. Based on the Hamilton’s principle and an Isogeometric Analysis (IGA) approach, the governing equations are derived and solved, respectively, which effectively fulfills the higher continuity requirements in the present microstructure-dependent Bernoulli-Euler beam formulation. The static bending and free vibration analyses of simply supported microstructure-dependent beams are studied by directly applying the current approach and compared with the corresponding analytical solutions. The physical mesh convergence and numerical results prove the high performance and accuracy of the present numerical approach. In addition, the cantilever and clamped microbeams are also carried out to show the applicability of the present approach.
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Nonlocal strain gradient continuum mechanics is a methodology widely employed in the literature to assess size effects in nano-structures. Notwithstanding this, improper higher-order boundary conditions (HOBC) are prescribed to close the corresponding elastostatic problems. In the present study, it is proven that HOBC have to be replaced with univocally determined boundary conditions of constitutive type, established by a consistent variational formulation. The treatment, developed in the framew...
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